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Table 4 Reduction (n,%) per 1,000 population in selected chronic conditions associated with a 1 kg/m 2 reduction in BMI

From: Chronic disease burden associated with overweight and obesity in Ireland: the effects of a small BMI reduction at population level

  Males Females
Chronic condition Scenario 1a(n, per 1,000) Scenario 2b(n, per 1,000) Reductioncn (%) Scenario 1a(n, per 1,000) Scenario 2b(n, per 1,000) Reductioncn (%)
Hypertension 162.6 151.9 10.7 (6.6) 162.4 150.7 11.7 (7.2)
Raised cholesterol 154.9 146.7 8.2 (5.3) 183.3 179.5 3.8 (2.1)
Lower back pain 162.1 159.3 2.8 (1.7) 168.2 162.6 5.6 (3.3)
Osteoarthritis 31.5 30.1 1.4 (4.0) 62 58.9 3.1 (5.0)
Diabetes 30.6 29.5 1.1 (3.6) 28 25.5 2.5 (8.9)
Asthma 52.9 50.9 2.0 (3.8) 72.1 70.6 1.5 (2.1)
  1. Note: aPrevalence of chronic disease based on current BMI levels; bPredicted prevalence of chronic disease based on a one unit (1 kg/m2) reduction in population BMI, estimated by dividing the prevalence estimates (Scenario 1) by the relative risks obtained from a log-linear regression using BMI as a continuous variable; cThe reduction in chronic disease prevalence in the population associated with a one unit reduction in BMI.