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Table 3 Hazard ratios (HRs) for cause-specific death among individuals with prevalent sickness absence or disability pension due to an otoaudiological diagnosis in 2005, with follow-up through 2010

From: Sickness absence and disability pension due to otoaudiological diagnoses: risk of premature death – a nationwide prospective cohort study

Cause of death No. deaths Crude HR (95%CI) Age- and sex- adjusted HR (95% CI)a Multivariable HR (95% CI)b Multivariable HR including hospitalization HR (95% CI)c
Circulatory cause    
No sick leave & no disability pension 7 018 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
All other sick-leave diagnoses 2 822 1.49 (1.43-1.55) 1.48 (1.43-1.55) 1.46 (1.41-1.53) 1.09 (1.04-1.13)
All sick leave with otoaudiological diagnoses 15 0.83 (0.50-1.40) 0.73 (0.44-1.23) 0.79 (0.47-1.32) 0.67 (0.40-1.13)
All other disability pension 7 421 8.13 (7.88-8.38) 4.66 (4.52-4.81) 4.00 (3.87-4.13) 2.81 (2.71-2.91)
All disability pension with otoaudiological diagnoses 70 2.79 (2.19-3.54) 1.49 (1.17-1.89) 1.50 (1.18-1.91) 1.28 (1.01-1.63)
Cancer cause    
No sick leave & no disability pension 12 916 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
All other sick-leave diagnoses 8 792 3.06 (2.98-3.14) 2.63 (2.56-2.70) 2.61 (2.55-2.68) 1.70 (1.65-1.75)
All sick leave with otoaudiological diagnoses 34 1.31 (0.93-1.85) 1.00 (0.71-1.41) 1.03 (0.73-1.44) 0.83 (0.59-1.17)
All other disability pension 7 930 4.14 (4.03-4.24) 2.08 (2.03-2.14) 1.97 (1.92-2.02) 1.41 (1.37-1.45)
All disability pension with otoaudiological diagnoses 124 1.99 (1.66-2.38) 1.00 (0.83-1.19) 1.02 (0.85-1.22) 0.84 (0.71-1.01)
  1. Note: A number of individuals were included in more than one category.
  2. aAge (20–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64); sex (female, male).
  3. bAdditional adjustments: family situation (married/cohabitant, married/cohabitant with children, single, single with child, child living with parent); type of living area (larger cities, medium-sized cities, smaller places); country of birth (Sweden, Nordic countries, Europe, other part of the world); education (0–9, 10-12, >12 years), including 5 196 998 observations due to missing data on education and/or family situation.
  4. cAdditional adjustments: hospitalization days (total days 2000–2005: 0, 1–4, >4); hospitalization days in specialized out-patient care in the same diagnostic chapter, including 5 196 998 observations due to missing data on education and/or family situation.