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Table 3 Multivariate linear regression analysis for leisure time and occupational sedentary behavior and cardio-metabolic risk factors

From: Identifying associations between sedentary time and cardio-metabolic risk factors in working adults using objective and subjective measures: a cross-sectional analysis

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Coefficient 95% CI P Coefficient 95% CI P Coefficient 95% CI P
Leisure time
 Body mass index 0.032 (-0.066 to 0.129) 0.525 0.009 (-0.089 to 0.107) 0.857 0.009 (-0.089 to 0.107) 0.854
 Waist circumference 0.134 (-0.138 to 0.407) 0.334 0.060 (-0.212 to 0.333) 0.664 0.059 (-0.214 to 0.332) 0.670
 Systolic blood pressure 0.242 (-0.163 to 0.647) 0.241 0.118 (-0.277 to 0.514) 0.557 0.100 (-0.295 to 0.495) 0.621
 Diastolic blood pressure 0.256 (-0.066 to 0.577) 0.119 0.181 (-0.136 to 0.498) 0.263 0.176 (-0.141 to 0.494) 0.276
 Triglycerides 0.010 (-0.004 to 0.024) 0.179 0.007 (-0.007 to 0.022) 0.320 0.007 (-0.007 to 0.021) 0.335
 HDL-Cholesterol -0.135 (-0.571 to 0.300) 0.542 -0.175 (-0.614 to 0.264) 0.433 -0.167 (-0.607 to 0.272) 0.455
 Total:HDL ratio 0.028 (0.0004 to 0.055) 0.047 0.029 (0.001 to 0.056) 0.041 0.028 (0.001 to 0.056) 0.046
 LDL-Cholesterol 0.753 (-0.968 to 1.602) 0.082 0.767 (-0.090 to 1.624) 0.079 0.769 (-0.089 to 1.628) 0.079
 Blood Glucose 0.004 (0.0003 to 0.008) 0.035 0.003 (0.0001 to 0.007) 0.055 0.003 (0.0003 to 0.007) 0.071
 HbA1c 0.002 (-0.002 to 0.007) 0.355 0.00003 (-0.004 to 0.004) 0.947 0.0001 (-0.004 to 0.004) 0.960
Occupational
 Body mass index 0.019 (-0.096 to 0.133) 0.747 0.005 (-0.113 to 0.123) 0.935 0.005 (-0.113 to 0.123) 0.936
 Waist circumference -0.066 (-0.388 to 0.256) 0.687 -0.134 (-0.471 to 0.204) 0.437 -0.133 (-0.471 to 0.205) 0.439
 Systolic blood pressure -0.525 (-0.997 to -0.053) 0.029 -0.415 (-0.891 to 0.061) 0.087 -0.407 (-0.882 to 0.068) 0.093
 Diastolic blood pressure -0.165 (-0.541 to 0.211) 0.389 -0.110 (-0.492 to 0.273) 0.574 -0.108 (-0.490 to 0.275) 0.580
 Triglycerides 0.019 (0.002 to 0.035) 0.027 0.019 (0.002 to 0.036) 0.032 0.019 (0.002 to 0.036) 0.031
 HDL-Cholesterol -0.789 (-1.294 to -0.283) 0.002 -0.845 (-1.371 to -0.320) 0.002 -0.849 (-1.375 to -0.324) 0.002
 Total:HDL ratio 0.011 (-0.021 to 0.044) 0.493 0.021 (-0.012 to 0.056) 0.198 0.022 (-0.011 to 0.056) 0.192
 LDL-Cholesterol -1.231 (-2.228 to -0.224) 0.016 -0.734 (-1.780 to 0.313) 0.169 -0.734 (-1.780 to 0.313) 0.169
 Blood glucose 0.003 (-0.001 to 0.008) 0.164 0.005 (0.001 to 0.010) 0.017 0.005 (0.001 to 0.010) 0.015
 HbA1c 0.007 (0.002 to 0.012) 0.007 0.008 (0.003 to 0.012) 0.001 0.008 (0.003 to 0.012) 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, HDL-cholesterol high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HbA1c glycosylated hemoglobin.
  2. Regression coefficients beta corresponding to the mean difference per 60 minutes/day greater sedentary time. Model 1 was adjusted for sex and age. Model 2 was adjusted for above covariates and educational attainment, marital status, smoking and drinking status, total calorie intake, saturated fat consumption, use of medication, and occupation. Model 3 was adjusted for the same covariates as Model 2 and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). N = 577 for waist circumference, N = 350 for HbA1c, and N = 653–659 for other outcomes due to missing values. Data on triglyceride, blood glucose, and HbA1c were log-transformed.