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Table 4 Logistic regression analysis to evaluate the association of mother’s education level and children’s weight status on children’s adherence to dietary recommendations (n = 797)

From: A study of the dietary intake of Cypriot children and adolescents aged 6–18 years and the association of mother’s educational status and children’s weight status on adherence to nutritional recommendations

  Mother’s educationa Weight statusb
  Secondary school College/university Underweight Overweight/obese
  Adjusted modelc Adjusted modeld
Carbohydrate <45%en 0.89 (0.56–1.42) 1.10 (0.67–1.78) 0.80 (0.44–1.46) 1.25 (0.88–1.77)
Total fat >35%en 0.79 (0.50–1.25) 0.65 (0.90–1.05) 0.63 (0.37–1.08) 1.21 (0.87–1.70)
SFA >10% en 0.88 (0.40–1.94) 0.94 (0.41–2.16) 0.98 (0.39–2.49) 0.97 (0.53–1.75)
PUFA <6%en 1.12 (0.68–1.85) 0.83 (0.49–1.39) 0.85 (0.45–1.61) 0.54 (0.37–1.78)
Protein >15%en 1.34 (0.87–2.20) 1.85 (1.13–3.03)* 1.10 (0.63–1.91) 1.85 (1.26–2.71)*
Fibre <14 g/1000 kcal 0.79 (0.20–3.20) 0.73 (0.16–3.34) 0.39 (0.10–1.52) 1.05 (0.31–3.52)
Cholesterol >300 mg/day 2.13 (1.29–3.50)* 1.84 (1.09–3.09)* 0.62 (0.34–1.11) 0.96 (0.68–1.34)
Vit A < EAR 1.24 (0.42–3.69) 1.82 (0.60–5.51) 0.86 (0.25–2.98) 0.49 (0.20–1.16)
Vit C < EAR 0.71 (0.40–1.25) 0.64 (0.34–1.18) 0.98 (0.43–2.25) 1.35 (0.84–2.16)
Vit B1 < EAR 0.41 (0.18–0.94)* 0.41 (0.16–1.03) 1.51 (0.48–4.77) 0.42 (0.17–1.05)
Vit B2 < EAR 0.51 (0.15–1.75) 0.61 (0.15–2.53) 3.23 (0.70–14.87) 1.26 (0.39–4.05)
Vit B6 < EAR 0.30 (0.13–0.62)** 0.41 (0.18–0.92)* 0.30 (0.06–1.48) 1.11 (0.56–2.23)
Calcium < AI 0.64 (0.30–1.37) 0.72 (0.34–1.55) 0.78 (0.36–1.65) 1.85 (1.11–3.06)*
Iron < AI 0.42 (0.26–0.67)** 0.43 (0.26–0.71)** 0.98 (0.55–1.74) 0.70 (0.48–1.02)
Magnesium < EAR 0.79 (0.43–1.45) 0.71 (0.37–1.34) 1.07 (0.51–2.24) 1.04 (0.66–1.63)
Phosphorus < EAR 0.81 (0.41–1.59) 0.84 (0.41–1.72) 0.47 (0.16–1.38) 0.76 (0.41–1.33)
Sodium > UL 1.54 (0.98–2.43) 1.31 (0.81–2.11) 0.88 (0.51–1.53) 1.14 (0.80–1.63)
  1. Values are Odds Ratios (95% Confidence Intervals).
  2. aElementary/Some secondary education was used as the reference group. bNormal weight group was used as the reference group. cAdjusted for gender, age, area of residence, child’s BMI z-score, mother’s BMI and under- or over-reporting. dAdjusted for gender, age, area of residence, mother’s education, mother’s BMI and under- or over-reporting. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.001.