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Table 1 Associations between intervention exposure variables and consistent condom use with different partners

From: Relationship between exposure to the Avahan intervention and levels of reported condom use among men who have sex with men in southern India

  CCU with all partners (n = 305)* CCU with main partner (n = 122)* CCU with casual partners (n = 235)*
  ORa(95% CI) p-value AORb,c(95% CI) p-value ORa(95% CI) p-value AORb,d(95% CI) p-value ORa(95% CI) p-value AORb,e(95% CI) p-value
Intervention exposure             
Ever contacted (versus never)f 2.76 (1.41-5.40) 0.004 2.65 (1.27-5.52) 0.010 5.92 (1.58-22.23) 0.009 8.48 (1.90-37.9) 0.006 4.43 (1.95-10.1) 0.001 6.45 (2.96-14.1) <0.001
Ever given condoms (versus never)g 3.10 (1.66-5.79) 0.001 3.15 (1.60-6.22) 0.001 5.50 (1.57-19.33) 0.009 7.90 (1.69-37.0) 0.010 4.14 (1.86-9.2) 0.001 5.75 (2.56-12.9) <0.001
Ever seen a condom demo (versus never)h 4.75 (2.60-8.68) <0.001 4.24 (2.23-8.07) <0.001 13.67 (4.23-44.17) <0.001 8.72 (2.24-34.0) 0.002 7.43 (3.30-16.7) <0.001 7.32 (3.26-16.4) <0.001
Duration since first contact (per year) 0.96 (0.79-1.17) 0.707 0.87 (0.70-1.08) 0.194 0.91 (0.69-1.20) 0.491 0.89 (0.71-1.11) 0.294 1.06 (0.77-1.46) 0.706 0.90 (0.65-1.26) 0.540
Number of contacts last month (per contact)i 0.96 (0.91-1.01) 0.115 0.97 (0.92-1.03) 0.313 1.05 (0.95-1.16) 0.344 1.07 (0.94-1.21) 0.291 0.97 (0.92-1.04) 0.391 0.98 (0.91-1.05) 0.478
Number of condoms given last time (per condom)j 1.00 (1.00-1.00) 0.424 1.00 (1.00-1.00) 0.956 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.277 0.994 (0.992-0.997) <0.001 1.01 (0.99-1.02) 0.281 1.01 (0.99-1.02) 0.304
Number of condom demos seen last month (per time)k 1.97 (1.30-2.97) 0.002 2.15 (1.30-3.54) 0.003 2.31 (1.47-3.63) 0.001 2.11 (1.18-3.78) 0.014 2.13 (1.32-3.45) 0.003 2.06 (1.10-3.86) 0.024
  1. Odds ratios which are significantly different from 1 are shown in bold (p < 0.05).
  2. *Unadjusted number of people answering questions about condom use with each partner type. Number of individuals included in each analysis may be smaller, depending upon whether they answered questions relating to the intervention exposure under analysis; for continuous exposure variables, unexposed individuals are excluded.
  3. aOR are unadjusted odds ratios.
  4. bAOR are adjusted odds ratios, adjusted for the factors listed below.
  5. cAdjusted for duration as MSM (categorised), sex work as main income, MSM identity (in 3 groups) and number of times had anal sex with new partners last week.
  6. dAdjusted for religion (Hindu versus other) and number of times had anal sex with new partners last week.
  7. eAdjusted for sex work as main income, MSM identity (in 3 groups), location where usually have sex with male partners (public or private), and number of times had anal sex with new partners last week.
  8. fAOR adjusted for whether ever sold sex.
  9. gAOR adjusted for whether ever paid a female for sex and whether ever sold sex.
  10. hAOR adjusted for whether ever paid a female for sex and whether ever sold sex.
  11. iAOR adjusted for duration as MSM (categorised) and sex work as main income.
  12. jAOR adjusted for whether ever paid a female for sex, sex work as main income and MSM identity (in 3 groups).
  13. kAOR adjusted for whether ever married to a woman, ever paid a female for sex and MSM identity (in 3 groups).