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Table 3 Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of school dropout by recalled low control beliefs, adjusted for age, sex (model 1), and additionally adjusted for family composition, and ethnic and socioeconomic background (model 2)

From: Low control beliefs in relation to school dropout and poor health: findings from the SIODO case–control study

  Controls (n = 330) Cases (n = 330) Model 1 Model 2
  % %   
Mastery   *   
  High 40.0 26.7 1.00 1.00
  Medium 34.5 30.6 1.28 (0.87-1.88) 1.27 (0.86-1.88)
  Low 25.5 42.7 2.44 (1.66-3.59) 2.15 (1.44-3.20)
Self-efficacy   *   
  High 39.4 26.1 1.00 1.00
  Medium 35.8 33.0 1.39 (0.95-2.04) 1.30 (0.88-1.92)
  Low 24.8 40.9 2.51 (1.70-3.71) 2.24 (1.50-3.35)
  1. *p ≤0.05 (chi2-test); percentages are column percentages.