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Table 2 Factors associated with ever, current and habitual use of khat among Bahir Dar University students, Ethiopia 2012

From: Khat chewing among Ethiopian University Students- a growing concern

  Ever use of khat Khat use (current academic year) Habitual use of khat
  COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Sex
Female 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Male 2.6(2.0,3.4) 3.1(2.0, 4.8) *** 3.5(2.4, 5.1) 3.3(1.8, 6.0) * 8.1(3.3, 20.0) 4.5(1.4, 14.4) *
Year of Study       
Year 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Year 2 1.4(1.1,1.8) 1.5(1.1, 2.2) *** 1.3(0.9, 1.7) 0.9(0.6, 1.6) 1.5(0.8, 2.7) 0.8(0.3, 1.8)
Year 3 1.2(0.9, 1.5) 1.7(1.1, 2.5) * 1.1(0.8, 1.5) 1.3(0.8, 2.2) 1.4(0.8, 2.4) 1.2(0.5, 2.8)
Year 4 and above 2.0(1.6, 2.6) 1.3(0.8, 1.9) 2.4(1.7, 3.2) 1.1(0.7, 1.8) 4.5(2.7, 7.4) 2.0(1.0, 4.2)
Religion
Orthodox Christian 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Catholic 2.7(1.0-7.0) 0.9(0.2, 3.9) 3.6(1.3, 10.3) 0.9(0.2, 5.5) 3.3(0.7, 14.6) 0.26(0.01, 4.35)
Protestant 1.1(0.8, 1.5) 1.0(0.6, 1.6) 1.1(0.7, 1.7) 0.9(0.5, 1.6) 1.0(0.5, 2.0) 1.0(0.4, 2.6)
Muslim 4.3(3.3, 5.7) 1.7(1.1, 2.7) * 4.0(3.0, 5.5) 2.1(1.2, 3.5) ** 3.4(2.2, 5.4) 1.5(0.7, 3.0)
No religion 6.1(2.0, 18.7) 0.8(0.1, 5.9) 13.9(4.5, 42.8) 2.3(0.3, 16.2) 7.4(2.0, 27.3) 1.0(0.2, 5.3)
Other 1.9(0.8, 4.7) 1.3(0.3, 5.1) 3.5(1.3, 9.0) 2.5(0.6, 10.7) 4.3(1.3, 15.1) 1.7(0.3, 11.3)
Childhood residence
Rural 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Small towns 2.7(2.2, 3.4) 1.8(1.3, 2.6) ** 3.3(2.4, 4.4) 1.6(1.0, 2.6) 5.7(3.2, 10.3) 1.4(1.0, 5.5)
Big cities 3.3(2.6, 4.2) 2.5(1.7, 3.8) *** 4.7(3.4, 6.4) 2.2(1.3, 3.7) ** 7.7(4.3, 13.9) 1.2(0.5, 3.2)
Average monthly pocket money received from families and friends
Do not get money 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
< 100 Birr 0.4(0.3, 0.7) 0.9(0.5, 1.7) 0.4 (0.2, 0.8) 1.0(0.4, 2.5) 0.3(0.1, 0.8) 0.9(0.2, 3.7)
100-199 Birr 0.8(0.5, 1.1) 1.1(0.6, 2.0) 0.7(0.4, 1.2) 1.0(0.4, 2.0) 0.4(0.1,0.9) 0.3(0.1, 1.1)
200-299 Birr 1.1(0.8, 1.6) 1.4(0.8, 2.5) 1.2(0.7, 2.0) 1.3(0.6, 2.8) 1.0(0.4, 2.2) 0.9(0.3, 2.6)
300-399 Birr 1.5(1.0, 2.1) 1.5(0.8, 2.7) 2.1(1.2, 3.4) 2.1(1.0, 4.3) 1.3(0.6, 3.0) 0.9(0.3, 2.6)
400-499 Birr 1.4(0.9, 2.2) 1.0(0.5, 2.0) 2.5(1.5, 4.3) 2.2(1.0, 4.9) 3.3(1.5, 7.2) 2.9(1.0, 8.5)
500 and above 1.7(1.2, 2.4) 1.2(0.6, 2.2) 2.8(1.7, 4.6) 1.8(0.9, 3.8) 2.7(1.3, 5.7) 0.8(0.3, 2.3)
Off Campus Housing
No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Yes 5.0(3.4, 7.4) 2.1(1.1, 4.1) * 7.4(5.0, 11.0) 3.0(1.5, 6.0) ** 12.4(7.9, 19.7) 6.3(2.9, 13.8) ***
Family History of Khat chewing
No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Yes 6.9(5.6, 8.5) 3.9(2.8, 5.5) *** 6.8(5.3, 8.6) 2.8(1.9, 4.2) *** 6.6(4.6, 9.3) 2.4(1.3, 4.1) **
Close friends chew Khat
No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Yes 6.6(5.3, 8.3) 2.6(1.9, 3.7) *** 13.4(9.3, 19.3) 4.2(2.6, 6.9)*** 18.6(9.0, 38.1) 3.6(1.4, 9.3) **
Dorm mates chew khat
No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Yes 3.6(2.9, 4.3) 1.4(1.1, 2.0) * 5.5(4.3, 7.2) 1.9(1.3, 2.9) ** 7.8(5.0, 12.4) 1.8(0.9, 3.4)
Believe that Khat helps to study better
No 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Yes 9.7(7.7, 12.3) 7.5(5.3, 10.4) *** 12.6(9.7, 16.3) 6.6(4.6, 9.5) *** 20.2(13.3, 30.6) 8.8(5.0,15.4) ***
  1. *- P < 0.05 **- p < 0.01 ***- p < 0.001.