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Table 2 Top 20 causes of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALY), Years Lived with Disability (YLD) and Years of Life Lost (YLL) in Belgium, 2010, according to IHME GBD 2010

From: Quantifying burden of disease to support public health policy in Belgium: opportunities and constraints

Rank DALY   YLD   YLL  
1 Ischaemic heart disease [=] Low back pain [=] Ischaemic heart disease [=]
2 Low back pain [=] Major depressive disorder [=] Lung cancer [+1]
3 Stroke [=] Falls [+2] Stroke [−1]
4 Lung cancer [=] Neck pain [−1] Self-harm [+1]
5 COPD [=] Other musculoskeletal [−1] COPD [+1]
6 Falls [+3] COPD [=] Colorectal cancer [+1]
7 Major depressive disorder [=] Alzheimer’s disease [+5] Road injury [−3]
8 Alzheimer’s disease [+8] Diabetes [+2] Lower respiratory infections [+2]
9 Self-harm [−1] Ischaemic heart disease [=] Breast cancer [−1]
10 Road injury [−4] Migraine [−2] Alzheimer’s disease [+6]
11 Neck pain [−1] Anxiety disorders [−4] Other cardio & circulatory [−2]
12 Other musculoskeletal [+2] Drug use disorders [−1] Cirrhosis [−1]
13 Diabetes [−2] Osteoarthritis [+1] Pancreatic cancer [+4]
14 Colorectal cancer [−1] Road injury [−1] Diabetes [−1]
15 Other cardio & circulatory [=] Alcohol use disorders [=] Falls [+5]
16 Breast cancer [−4] Asthma [+1] Prostate cancer [+3]
17 Lower respiratory infections [=] Schizophrenia [+2] Brain cancer [+1]
18 Migraine [+1] Other hearing loss [−2] Leukaemia [+3]
19 Anxiety disorders [+1] Dysthymia [+2] Stomach cancer [−7]
20 Cirrhosis [−2] Bipolar disorder [=] Chronic kidney disease [+2]
  1. The change in rank since 1990 is given between brackets, with ‘+’ indicating an increase in rank, ‘–’ a decrease in rank, and ‘=’ a status quo.