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Table 2 Child maltreatment prior to entering the 6 th grade (11 years of age) and hypertension, stratified by sex Add Health study N = 11384

From: Child maltreatment and hypertension in young adulthood

  Hypertension model 1 Hypertension model 2 Hypertension model 3
  Men Women Men Women Men Women
  PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI)
Child maltreatment       
Neglect 1.12 (0.95, 1.32) 0.93 (0.70, 1.22) 1.11 (0.94, 1.30) 1.00 (0.74, 1.33) 1.11 (0.94, 1.30) 1.00 (0.74, 1.34)
Physical abuse 0.93 (0.81, 1.08) 0.82 (0.65, 1.02) 0.93 (0.80, 1.08) 0.81 (0.64, 1.01) 0.93 (0.80, 1.08) 0.81 (0.64, 1.01)
Sexual abuse 0.98 (0.72, 1.32) 1.43 (1.00, 2.05)* 0.94 (0.69, 1.29) 1.35 (0.92, 1.96) 0.94 (0.69, 1.29) 1.35 (0.92, 1.96)
Social services 1.13 (0.85, 1.51) 0.79 (0.52, 1.22) 1.17 (0.87, 1.58) 0.78 (0.50, 1.22) 1.18 (0.88, 1.58) 0.78 (0.50, 1.22)
Obesity ---- ------ 1.92 (1.69, 2.19)* 2.33 (1.94, 2.81)* 1.92 (1.69, 2.18)* 2.33 (1.94, 2.81)*
Current smoking ---- ------ 1.05 (0.91, 1.21) 1.13 (0.89, 1.44) 1.05 (0.91, 1.22) 1.13 (0.89, 1.44)
Alcohol use ---- ------ 1.02 (0.90, 1.15) 0.96 (0.80, 1.16) 1.01 (0.89, 1.15) 0.96 (0.80, 1.16)
Physical activity ---- ------ 1.04 (0.91, 1.18) 0.82 (0.70, 0.97) 1.04 (0.91, 1.18) 0.82 (0.70, 0.97)
Depression symptoms ---- ------ ---- ------ 0.92 (0.75, 1.13) 0.99 (0.80, 1.23)
  1. All models adjusted for age, race/ethnicity and education level.
  2. *p <0.05.