Skip to main content

Table 3 Hazard ratios on the relationship between mother's socioeconomic status, parental care, health behaviour and under-5 mortality

From: Health effects of single motherhood on children in sub-Saharan Africa: a cross-sectional study

Cameroon (2011)
Models
Marital status Baseline 2 3 4 5
  OR/(CI) OR(CI) OR(CI) OR(CI) OR(CI)
In union (RC)      
Widowed 0.67 0.65 0.56† 0.72 0.52
  (0.34-1.31) (0.33-1.25) (0.29-1.09) (0.28-1.85) (0.19-1.40)
Other single mothers 1.40* 1.41* 1.19 1.59† 1.43
  (1.01-1.93) (1.02-1.95) (0.88-1.60) (0.91-2.77) (0.80-2.54)
Nigeria (2008)
Models
Marital status Baseline 2 3 4 5
  OR/(CI) OR(CI) OR(CI) OR(CI) OR(CI)
In union (RC)      
Widowed 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.02 1.05
  (0.73-1.54) (0.72-1.52) (0.73-1.50) (0.60-1.74) (0.64-1.73)
Other single mothers 1.55** 1.58** 1.30† 1.74** 1.51**
  (1.18-2.05) (1.21-2.08) (0.96-1.75) (1.22-2.49) (1.11-2.06)
Congo DRC (2007)
Models
Marital status Baseline 2 3 4 5
  OR/(CI) OR(CI) OR(CI) OR(CI) OR(CI)
In union (RC)      
Widowed 1.38 1.40 1.20 0.75 0.75
  (0.79-2.41) (0.80-2.45) (0.65-2.21) (0.30-1.89) (0.26-2.16)
Other single mothers 1.27† 1.28† 0.94 1.14 0.89
  (0.96-1.67) (0.97-1.68) (0.69-1.29) (0.72-1.78) (0.53-1.49)
  1. Note: Model 2 adjusted for economic resource, model 3 parental resource, model 4 health behaviour. All models controlled for mother’s age, religious affiliation, region of origin, child characteristics (sex, birth weight, birth type – single or multiple, birth order) and partner’s characteristics – education and occupation. CI: 95% confidence interval; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001 †p < 0.10 Model fit statistics: (Prob > F/chi2 for all the models in Cameroon, Nigeria and DRC was significant p < .001.