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Table 8 Factors associated with school absenteeism during menstruation days, Northeast Ethiopia, 2013 (n = 455)

From: Menstrual hygiene management and school absenteeism among female adolescent students in Northeast Ethiopia

Variables School absenteeism Crude odds ratio (95% C.I.) Adjusted odds ratio (95% C.I.)
No Yes
n (%) n (%)
School Sirinka 23 (35.90) 41 (64.10) 1.00 1.00
  Kokono 13 (37.10) 22 (62.90) 0.95 (0.40, 2.23) 0.66 (0.25, 1.76)
  Merto 26 (39.40) 40 (60.60) 0.86 (0.42, 1.76) 0.73 (0.32, 1.64)
  Sirinka Gerado 16 (39.00) 25 (61.00) 0.88 (0.39, 1.97) 0.72 (0.28, 1.88)
  Mehal Amba 18 (45.00) 22 (55.00) 0.69 (0.31, 1.53) 0.49 (0.20, 1.20)
  Melka Chefe 60 (57.10) 45 (42.90) 0.42 (0.22, 0. 80)** 0.41 (0.18, 0.90)*
  Mersa 51(49.00) 53 (51.00) 0.58 (0.31, 1.11) 0.68 (0.31, 1.46)
Residence Urban 116 (52.30) 106 (47.70) 1.00 1.00
  Rural 91 (39.10) 142 (60.90) 1.71 (1.18, 2.48)** 0.95 (0.54, 1.66)
Live with Both parents 165 (48.50) 175 (51.50) 1.00 1.00
  Mother only 26 (41.30) 37 (58.70) 1.34 (0.78, 2.31) 1.26 (0.68, 2.34)
  Father only 5 (45.50) 6 (54.50) 1.13 (0.34, 3.78) 0.76 (0.20, 2.88)
  Relatives 7 (20.00) 28 (80.00) 3.77 (1.60, 8.87)** 2.39 (0.96, 5.96)
  Husband 4 (66.70) 2 (33.30) 0.47 (0.09, 2.61) 0.62 (0.09, 4.15)
Mother’s education Illiterate 73 (37.40) 122 (62.60) 1.00 1.00
  Read & write 67 (49.60) 68 (50.40) 0.61 (0.39, 0.95)* 0.98 (0.58, 1.67)
  Primary 35 (52.20) 32 (47.80) 0.55 (0.31, 0.96)* 1.22 (0.60, 2.46)
  Secondary and above 32 (55.20) 26 (44.80) 0.47 (0.27, 0.88)* 1.70 (0.73, 3.98)
Mother’s occupation House wife 123 (44.10) 156 (55.90) 1.00 1.00
  Petty trader 59 (44.70) 73 (55.30) 0.98 (0.64, 1.48) 1.19 (0.71, 1.98)
  Employed 23 (65.70) 12 (34.30) 0.41 (0.20, 0.86)* 0.55 (0.21, 1.43)
  Others 2 (22.20) 7 (77.80) 2.76 (0.56, 13.52) 1.56 (0.29, 8.39)
Monthly expenditure (Eth Birr) >1200 33 (50.80) 32 (49.20) 1.00 1.00
  <=300 39 (34.80) 73 (65.20) 1.93 (1.04, 3.60)* 0.90 (0.42, 1.90)
  301-600 51 (40.80) 74 (59.20) 1.50 (0.82, 2.74) 0.81 (0.40, 1.65)
  601-900 43 (55.10) 35 (44.90) 0.84 (0.43, 1.62) 0.61 (0.29, 1.30)
  901-1200 41 (54.70) 34 (45.30) 0.86 (0.44, 1.66) 0.68 (0.32, 1.44)
Knowledge Poor knowledge 2 (14.30) 12 (85.70) 1.00 1.00
  Fair knowledge 63 (33.70) 124 (66.30) 0.33 (0.07, 1.51) 0.41 (0.08, 2.00)
  Good knowledge 142 (55.90) 112 (44.10) 0.13 (0.03, 0.60)** 0.40 (0.08, 2.03)
Disposable sanitary pad use Yes 116 (72.00) 45 (28.00) 1.00 1.00
  No 91 (31.00) 203 (69.00) 5.75 (3.76, 8.78)*** 5.37 (3.02, 9.55)***
  1. Significant at *p-value < 0.05, **p-value < 0.01, and ***p-value < 0.001.
  2. (farmer, daily laborer).