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Table 7 Mean psychological distress scores in different measures of food insecurity, according to level of drought exposure

From: The impact of drought on the association between food security and mental health in a nationally representative Australian sample

Food insecurity indicators Drought exposures Test for difference across drought exposures
  Zero or moderate Very dry Long dry Constant dry Constant and long dry   
  Mean (SE) P-value Mean (SE) P-value Mean (SE) P-value Mean (SE) P-value Mean (SE) P-value Chi2(4) P-value
Missing meals        
  Yes 21.7 (0.8)   31.7 (2.4)   23.2 (1.2)   19.7 (2.0)   18.4 (2.7)   18.4 0.001
  No 15.2 (0.1)   15.0 (0.2)   15.0 (0.2)   14.8 (0.4)   14.9 (0.3)    
  Difference 6.5 (0.8) <0.001 16.6 (2.4) <0.001 8.2 (1.2) <0.001 4.9 (2.0) 0.015 3.5 (2.7) 0.187   
Below-average consumption core food       
  Yes 15.6 (0.2)   15.5 (0.4)   15.4 (0.3)   14.9 (0.6)   15.4 (0.5)   1.1 0.894
  No 15.2 (0.1)   15.1 (0.3)   14.9 (0.2)   14.9 (0.5)   14.7 (0.4)    
  Difference 0.4 (0.2) 0.054 0.4 (0.5) 0.384 0.5 (0.3) 0.152 0.0 (0.7) 0.983 0.7 (0.6) 0.329   
Above-average consumption discretionary food       
  Yes 15.5 (0.2)   15.6 (0.3)   15.2 (0.2)   14.7 (0.5)   15.5 (0.4)   2.12 0.714
  No 15.0 (0.2)   14.6 (0.4)   14.8 (0.2)   15.2 (0.6)   14.2 (0.5)    
  Difference 0.5 (0.2) 0.050 1.0 (0.5) 0.036 0.4 (0.3) 0.178 -0.5 (0.7) 0.465 1.3 (0.6) 0.033   
  1. Note: Results are presented for the whole sample only as the rural–urban interaction was not significant in this analysis.
  2. All analyses are adjusted for confounding variables.
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