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Table 3 Quality assessment of effect estimates of financial incentives on coverage of breastfeeding practices

From: Financial incentives and coverage of child health interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Intervention No. of studies Design Limitations Consistency Generalizability to population of interest Conditionalities related to outcome (no. of studies) Overall quality of evidence Mean difference (95% CI)
Receiving colostrum
Conditional microcredit 2 Cluster RCT /Cohort Analysis of cRCT does not account for clustering Consistent and both studies show benefit Bolivia and Ghana Health and nutrition education (2) Low 0.22 (0.08; 0.35)
Early initiation of breastfeeding
Conditional microcredit 1 Cluster RCT Single study. Analysis of cRCT does not account for clustering - Bolivia Health and nutrition education (1) Low 0.17 (0.01; 0.33)
Exclusive breastfeeding
Conditional microcredit 1 Cluster RCT Single study. Analysis of cRCT does not account for clustering - Bolivia Health and nutrition education (1) Low 0.20 (0.03; 0.37)
Duration of exclusive breastfeeding
Conditional microcredit 1 Cohort Only one study - Ghana Health and nutrition education (1) Low 11.49 (1.69; 21.29)
Breastfeeding among children < 2 years
Unconditional microcredit 2 Cohort Type of breastfeeding (e.g. exclusive, predominant) is not specified Consistent, both studies show negative effect Ecuador and Honduras - Low -0.06 (-0.16; 0.04)
Conditional microcredit 2 Cohort Type of breastfeeding (e.g. exclusive, predominant) is not specified Inconsistent Ecuador and Honduras Health and nutrition education (2) Low -0.01 (-0.03; 0.02)