Skip to main content

Table 4 Percent difference and weight contributed by study and continuous outcome

From: Systematic review of probiotics for the treatment of community-acquired acute diarrhea in children

Probiotic microorganism Study arm by author Percent difference % Weight
Diarrhea duration
Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG Canani [13] -32.0* 10.2
Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG Costa-Ribeiro [14] -2.1 10.6
Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG Misra [16] -9.5 18.0
L. bulgaricus & S. thermophilus Boudraa [12] -28.5§ 9.6
Saccharomyces boulardii Canani [13] -9.1 9.4
Bacillus clausii Canani [13] 2.2 10.2
Enterococcus faecium Canani [13] 0.0 9.4
L. bulgaricus, L. acidophilus, Streptococcus thermophilus, B. bifidum Canani [13] -39.4* 9.9
L. acidophilus & Bifidobacteria infantis Lee [15] -13.9* 8.6
Lactobacillus GG, L. acidophilus, L. casei, L. plantarum, Bifidobacterium infantis Veereman-Wauters [17] -7.5 4.0
Stool frequency (day 2)
Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG Canani [13] -20.0* 12.8
Lactobacillus acidophilus Rafeey [19] 0.0 8.6
Saccharomyces boulardii Canani [13] 0.0 11.9
Saccharomyces boulardii Cetina-Sauri [18] -14.2§ 14.0
Bacillus clausii Canani [13] 0.0 12.8
Enterococcus faecium Canani [13] 0.0 11.9
L. bulgaricus, L. acidophilus, Streptococcus thermophilus, B. bifidum Canani [13] -20.0* 12.5
L. acidophilus & Bifidobacteria infantis Lee [15] -48.6* 10.8
Lactobacillus GG, L. acidophilus, L. casei, L. plantarum, Bifidobacterium infantis Veereman-Wauters [17] -16.7 4.7
  1. Statistically significant differences between groups at the p<0.01 and p<0.05 levels indicated by (*) and (§) respectively for diarrhea duration and stool frequency