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Table 1 Study characteristics

From: Systematic review of probiotics for the treatment of community-acquired acute diarrhea in children

    Study arms    
   Intervention    Control  
Author n Probiotic microorganism (dosage) Duration & method of treatment n   Placebo
Boudraa [12] 56 L. bulgaricus &S. thermophilus (2x108 CFU/g) 180 mL/kg/day infant formula given after initial oral rehydration 56   Infant formula acidified with lactic acid to match yogurt pH
Canani [13] 100 Lactobacillus GG (6x109 CFU/dose) 2/day for 5 days in 20 ml water 92   Not described
  91 S. boulardii (5x109 live organisms/dose) 2/day for 5 days in 20 ml water 92   
  100 Bacillus clausii (109 CFU/dose) 2/day for 5 days in 20 ml water 92   
  97 L. bulgaricus, L. acidophilus, S. thermophilus, B. bifidum (5x108- 109 CFU/dose) 2/day for 5 days in 20 ml water 92   
  91 Enterococcus faecium (7.5x107 CFU/dose) 2/day for 5 days in 20 ml water 92   
Cetina-Sauri [18] 65 S. boulardii (200 mg/dose) Every 8 hours in 5ml of cold liquid 65   200mg glucose in 5ml cold liquid
Costa-Ribeiro [14] 61 Lactobacillus GG (10x109 CFU/day) 1/day w/oral electrolyte solution 63   Inulin
Lee [15] 50 Lyophilized L. acidophilus and B. infantis (3x109 CFU of each/day) 1/day for 4 days 50   Not described
Misra [16] 105 Lactobacillus GG (1x109 CFU/dose) 1/day for 10 days 105   Identical placebo (crystalline microcellulose)
Rafeey [19] 40 L. acidophilus (5x109 CFU/capsule) 2 capsules/ day 40   Not described
Veereman-Wauters [17] Diarrhea duration: 25; Stool frequency: 22 Lactobacillus GG, L. acidophilus, L. casei, L. plantarum, B. infantis (3x109 CFU/capsule) 3 capsules/ day for 9 days 22   Identical placebo (maltodextrine)