Skip to main content

Table 4 Association between lifetime and twelve month heavy drinking and EuroQoL health domains, health-related quality of life and work-day loss

From: Lifetime and twelve-month prevalence of heavy-drinking in Singapore: Results from a representative cross-sectional study

  Lifetime heavy drinking Twelve-month heavy drinking
  A. B. C. Pvalue1 D. E. F. Pvalue1
Heavy drinkers with alcohol use disorder; n,% reporting moderate/severe problems (SE) Heavy drinkers without alcohol use disorder; n,% reporting moderate/severe problems (SE) Non-heavy-drinkers without alcohol use disorder n,% reporting moderate/severe problems (SE) Heavy drinkers with alcohol use disorder; n,% reporting moderate/severe problems (SE) Heavy drinkers without alcohol use disorder; n,% reporting moderate/severe problems (SE) Non-heavy-drinkers without alcohol use disorder n,% reporting moderate/severe problems (SE)
EuroQol 5D domains
Mobility 3.5 (1.6) 3 (1) 3.6 (0.4) 0.8477 3.7 (2.6) 1 (0.4) 3.9 (0.4) 0.0006
Self-care 0.4 (0.4) 0.4 (0.3) 0.6 (0.2) 0.8662 .,. .,. 0.6 (0.2) .
Usual activities 5.2 (2.1) 2.7 (1) 2 (0.3) 0.126a 4.4 (2.8) 1.3 (0.6) 2.3 (0.3) 0.243
Pain/discomfort 23.4 (4.4) 12.7 (1.8) 15.5 (0.8) 0.0407b 12.3 (6.1) 13.6 (1.8) 15.6 (0.8) 0.5537
Anxiety/Depression 10.7 (2.8) 9.3 (1.6) 7.8 (0.6) 0.4072 17.4 (6.7) 7.2 (1.4) 8.2 (0.6) 0.1832
  A. B. C. P value 1 D. E. F. P value 1
Heavy drinkers with alcohol use disorder; mean, (SE) Heavy drinkers without alcohol use disorder; mean, (SE) Non-heavy-drinkers without alcohol use disorder mean, (SE) Heavy drinkers with alcohol use disorder; mean, (SE) Heavy drinkers without alcohol use disorder; mean, (SE) Non-heavy-drinkers without alcohol use disorder mean, (SE)
EuroQol 5D indexed score
All agegroups 0.918(0.01) 0.956(0.01) 0.951(0.002) 0.0267 c 0.930(0.02) 0.960(0.01) 0.950(0.002) 0.4370
18–34 0.916(0.02) 0.963(0.01) 0.971(0.003) 0.0010 d 0.913(0.03) 0.963(0.01) 0.969(0.003) 0.0579h
35–49 0.912(0.04) 0.951(0.01) 0.954(0.004) 0.5415 0.969(0.03) 0.942(0.01) 0.953(0.004) 0.3237
50–64 0.930(0.03) 0.950(0.02) 0.944(0.01) 0.7128   0.978(0.01) 0.943(0.01) 0.0078 i
65 and + 0.962(0.03) 0.917(0.05) 0.914(0.01) 0.5260   0.994(0.01) 0.912(0.01) 0.5131
EuroQol 5D visual Analogue Scale score
All agegroups 77.991(1.20) 81.996(0.74) 83.632(0.28) <0.001 e 75.807(2.29) 82.352(0.74) 83.429(0.27) <0.0001 j
18–34 77.362(1.62) 82.926(1.02) 85.307(0.44) <0.001 f 76.370(2.81) 82.897(1.00) 84.981(0.44) <0.0001 k
35–49 77.700(2.0) 81.322(1.28) 84.133(0.47) 0.0114 g 74.001(3.78) 81.535(1.27) 83.963(0.46) 0.0486 l
50–64 82.774(3.68) 80.212(2.04) 83.308(0.54) 0.6449   81.588(2.29) 83.170(0.53) 0.7741
65 and + 71.427(2.33) 79.504(3.59) 79.119(1.07) 0.1560   81.868(4.56) 78.882(1.04) 0.2687
Self-reported loss in work days
All agegroups 0.352(0.10) 0.595(0.14) 0.499(0.06) 0.095 0.407(0.22) 0.385(0.10) 0.524(0.06) 0.515
  0.430(0.16) 0.493(0.14) 0.360(0.05) 0.595 0.408(0.28) 0.403(0.13) 0.387(0.05) 0.986
35–49 0.289(0.17) 0.666(0.27) 0.443(0.09) 0.301 0.404(0.28) 0.479(0.23) 0.457(0.09) 0.418
50–64 0.273(0.23) 0.800(0.65) 0.682(0.16) 0.093 . 0.171(0.10) 0.712(0.16) 0.022 m
65 and + 0.130(0.15) 0.767(0.72) 0.597(0.28) 0.551 . 0.035(0.04) 0.640(0.27) 0.716
  1. Estimates in bold are statistically significant.
  2. 1 Statistical testing for difference in scores, using multiple linear regression, and adjusted for gender, ethnicity (Chinese, Malays, Indians, Others), income level (3 categories), education level (4 categories), marital status (4 categories) and employment status (3 categories) and any chronic physical conditions.
  3. Significant post hoc tests:
  4. a. A vs. C (p value = 0.0106).
  5. b. A vs. C (p value = 0.0009) & B vs. C (p value = 0.0008).
  6. c. A vs. C (p value = 0.0135).
  7. d. A vs. C (p value = 0.0003).
  8. e. A vs. C (p value < 0.0001) & B vs. C (p value = 0.0190).
  9. f. A vs. C (p value < 0.0001).
  10. g. A vs. C (p value = 0.0158) & B vs. C (p value = 0.0315).
  11. h D vs. F (p value = 0.0419).
  12. i. E vs. F (p value = 0. 0078).
  13. j. D vs. F (p value < 0.0001).
  14. k. D vs. F (p value < 0.0001).
  15. l. D vs. F (p value = 0.0370).
  16. m. E vs. F (p value = 0.0215).
  17. All other two-way comparisons not significant.