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Table 1 Scoring of food-hygiene practices

From: Association of food-hygiene practices and diarrhea prevalence among Indonesian young children from low socioeconomic urban areas

Food-hygiene practices       Score Methods of measurement
Undesirable response = 0 Favorable response = 1
House and environmental condition    
  Clean inside the house Dirty Clean Observation
  Clean surrounding the house Many garbage Clean Observation
  Existence and less dirty sewage Dirty or no sewage system Less dirty Observation
  Existence of latrine No Yes Observation
  Latrine with closet and septic tank no closet and/or septic tank with closet and septic tank Observation
  Child’s feces was thrown in latrine No Yes Interview
  Other family defecated in latrine No Yes Observation
  Closed domestic waste disposal Open Close Interview
Mother’s hand washing    
  Before preparing the food No Yes Interview
  Before feeding the child No Yes Interview
  Using water and soap With water only With water an soap Interview
Child’s hand washing    
  Before eating a meal No Yes Interview
  After defecating or urinating No Yes Interview
  Using water and soap With water only With water an soap Interview
Food preparation    
  Source of food Bought from outside Cooked by mother Interview
  Cooked special food for child No Yes Interview
  Food holding time before eaten ≥ 1 hour < 1 hour Interview
  Reheating the food before child eating Never or only once Every time the child wanted to eat Interview
  Feeding child with warm or hot food Cold Warm or hot Interview
  Store food covered or closed Open Covered or closed Observation
Cleanliness of utensils    
  Place to wash utensils Outside Inside Interview
  Wash utensils with flowing tap water No, collect the water in the pail Yes Interview
  Frequency of changing water in the pail ≤ 3 times in a day Every time wanted to wash the dishes or > 3 times in a day Interview
Water source and safe drinking water    
  Piped water source Outdoor or ground water Piped water Interview
  Existence of septic tank Not available Available Observation
  Water treatment for drinking water Boiling water Refill or branded drinking water Interview
  Cover on water storage Open Covered or closed Observation
Habits of buying cooked food    
  Frequency of buying street food Frequent Not frequent Interview
  Bought hot food from outside No, cold food Yes, hot food Interview
  Food given to child were still hot No Yes Interview
  If the food still hot, food directly eaten No Yes Interview
  Not frequently bought snack Frequent Not frequent Interview
  Type of bought package Non package snack Package snack Interview
Child’s bottle feeding hygiene (only for bottle fed children)   
  Using bottle feeding Yes, with bottle milk No, with glass or no bottle feeding Interview
  Bottle was washed and boiled Washed only Washed and boiled or no bottle feeding Interview
  Clean bottle milk Less clean Clean or no bottle milk Interview