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Table 1 Hiv related individual and contextual characteristics of MSM residing in Belgium according to having had sexual contact abroad in the last 12 months

From: International mobility, sexual behaviour and HIV-related characteristics of men who have sex with men residing in Belgium

  MSM residing in Belgium - Sexual contact abroad? Test statistic* P value**
  Total (N:3860) % Yes (N:1510) % No (N:2350) %   
Age (mean (SD)) 3860 35,2(11,4) 1510 37,2 (10,33) 2350 34,2(12,1) 62,408 <0,001
Higher education 2493 64,6 1077 71,3 1416 60,3 82,306 <0,001
Unemployment rate 200 5,2 70 4,6 130 5,5 10,426 0,001
Steady relationship 1758 45,5 669 44,3 1089 46,3 0,04 0,433
Expatriate 955 24,7 581 38,5 374 15,9 251,325 <0,001
Living in a large city (>500. 000 inh.) 1674 43,4 828 54,8 846 36 140,557 <0,001
Sexual identity - Homosexual 3298 85,4 1344 89 1954 83,1 26,129 <0,001
Sexual identity - Bisexual 348 9 92 6,1 256 10,9 25,77 <0,001
Anal sex last 12 m 3281 85 1406 93,1 1860 79,1 145,244 <0,001
UAI Steady partner last 12 m 1514 39,2 5703 37,7 940 40 2,265 0,072
UAI Casual partner last 12 m 993 25,7 551 36,5 437 18,6 32,812 <0,001
Nr of casual partners last 12 m (median category)   4   11 to 20   2 1227,601 <0,001
Hiv test last 12 m 1688 43,7 718 47,5 970 41,3 48,445 <0,001
Hiv status - positive (among tested) 332 10,4 210 15,2 122 6,8 58,433 <0,001
STI test last 12 m 1562 40,5 805 53,3 757 32,2 96,565 <0,001
STI history last 12 m (among tested for any STI)         
Syphilis 121 7,7 75 9,3 46 6,1 27,299 <0,001
Gonorrhoea 137 8,8 92 11,4 45 5,9 46,995 <0,001
Chlamydia 130 8,3 95 11,8 35 4,6 65,283 <0,001
Anal/genital warts 98 6,3 54 6,7 44 5,8 10,92 0,001
Anal/genital herpes 42 2,7 22 2,7 20 2,6 3,135 0,055
Hepatitis C 12 m 10 0,6 6 0,7 4 0,5 1,839 0,152
Hepatitis C current 27 1,7 16 2,0 11 1,5 4,638 0,027
Hepatitis B (ever) 289 18,5 153 19,0 136 18,0 25,05 0,001
Drug use last 12 m         
Party drugs 683 17,7 407 26,9 276 11,8 146,085 0,001
Poppers 1500 38,9 850 56,3 650 27,7 179,881 0,001
Erectile enhancers 751 19,5 465 30,8 286 12,2 202,213 0,001
Anal sex during last sexual contact abroad    859 56,8     
UAI during last sexual contact abroad    219 14,5     
Country of last sexual contact abroad        
The Netherlands    137 9,1     
Germany    161 10,6     
France    272 18,1     
UK    74 4,9     
Spain    237 15,7     
  1. *Test statistics: U value for continuous variables. χ2 for categorical variables.
  2. **p values: Mann–Whitney U test for continuous variables and χ2 for categorical variables.