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Table 2 Multivariate analysis of factors associated with propensity for presenteeism and acceptance of hygiene mask (n = 4.012, pooled data week 49–51 2008 and week 48 2009)

From: Hygiene perception changes during the influenza A H1N1 pandemic in Germany: incorporating the results of two cross-sectional telephone surveys 2008–2009

  Always report to work when caught a cold Hygiene masks should be applied in public
  No./% Odds ratio Confidence interval 95% No./% Odds ratio Confidence interval 95%
Year       
2009 428 (40.9) *0.66 (0.53-0.82) 692 (36.4) °1.17 (0.99-1.39)
2008 501 (50.8) 1   601 (32.6) 1  
Sex       
Female 406 (44.8) °0.75 (0.78-1.22) 694 (35.3) °1.06 (0.89-1.26)
Male 523 (46.3) 1   599 (33.7) 1  
Age       
18-29 137 (38.6) °0.70 (0.41-1.20) 143 (24.0) *0.43 (0.32-0.58)
30-44 369 (46.2) °0.95 (0.58-1.55) 335 (29.7) *0.59 (0.47-0.73)
45-59 359 (48.9) °1.05 (0.64-1.72) 371 (36.8) **0.77 (0.62-0.96)
60+ 64 (46.8) 1   444 (43.1) 1  
Education       
9 year 160 (49.0) °1.26 (0.96-1.65) 344 (38.6) **1.22 (1.00-1.48)
10 year 311 (44.6) °1.09 (0.88-1.35) 386 (31.3) °1.01 (0.85-1.20)
12+ year 450 (42.7) 1   534 (30.1) 1  
  1. * = significant p < 0.001, ** = significant p < 0.05, ° = not significant,  = working people only/n = 1937.