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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of high school dropouts and high school completers (N= 6612)

From: High school dropout and long-term sickness and disability in young adulthood: a prospective propensity score stratified cohort study (the Young-HUNT study)

  School dropouts (n=910) School completers (n=5702)
Demographics     
 Age, mean, yr 16.09 (15.86-16.11) 16.10 (16.04-16.14)
 Male 58.57 (55.36-61.77) 47.42 (46.13-49.72)
Maternal education level     
 Primary 41.09 (37.90-44.30) 23.41 (22.31-24.51)
 Intermediate 47.14 (43.90-50.39) 50.84 (49.54-52.14)
 Tertiary 11.79 (10.68-13.85) 25.75 (24.61-26.88)
Health     
 1 or more somatic disease 24.73 (21.92-27.53) 19.66 (18.63-20.69)
 Symptom load, mean 1.60 (1.49-1.70) 1.31 (1.26-1.35)
 High psychological distress, mean 1.52 (1.48-1.56) 1.45 (1.43-1.46)
 Concentration problems 36.59 (33.46-39.72) 21.76 (20.70-22.84)
 Insomnia 14.07 (11.81-16.33) 9.53 (8.76-10.28)
 Poor self-rated health 17.14 (14.69-19.59) 9.27 (8.52-10.03)
Health behavior     
 BMI     
 Overweight 18.46 (15.94-20.98) 13.47 (12.58-14.36)
 Obese 5.49 (4.01-6.98) 2.59 (2.18-3.01)
 Smoking 34.62 (31.52-37.71) 18.82 (17.80-19.83)
 No physical activity 19.67 (17.09-22.25) 10.93 (10.12-11.74)
Psychosocial factors     
 Self-esteem, mean 2.95 (2.91-2.98) 3.05 (3.03-3.06)
 Subjective well-being, mean 2.86 (2.80-2.93) 2.68 (2.65-2.70)
 Loneliness, mean 2.10 (2.03-2.16) 2.01 (1.97-2.03)
 Traditional family 59.12 (55.92-62.32) 77.50 (76.41-78.58)
School-related factors     
 Reading and writing difficulties 15.60 (13.24-17.96) 6.42 (5.78-7.05)
 Being bullied, mean 1.23 (1.19-1.26) 1.16 (1.15-1.17)
 Disease-related school absence 9.67 (7.75-11.59) 3.95 (3.44-4.45)
 Aspiration for higher education 38.57 (35.41-41.91) 46.62 (45.32-47.91)
 Academic problems, mean 2.15 (2.12-2.18) 1.87 (1.86-1.89)
 School-related dissatisfaction, mean 2.40 (2.36-2.44) 2.26 (2.25-2.28)
 School-related conduct, mean 1.59 (1.56-1.62) 1.45 (1.44-1.46)
  1. The numbers are proportions (in %), unless stated otherwise, with 95% confidence intervals between parentheses.