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Table 3 The percentage of respondents consuming different food groups, food groups consumed by more than 50% of respondents per DDS quintile for the total study population, and the frequency distribution of respondents over the quintiles according to type of settlement and sex

From: Dietary diversity of formal and informal residents in Johannesburg, South Africa

  Quintile 1 Quintile 2 Quintile 3 Quintile 4 Quintile 5
(1–2 food groups) (3 food groups) (4 food groups) (5 food groups) (6 or more food groups)
N 85 88 114 90 93
% respondents 18 19 24 19 20
Cereals, roots and tubers 97.6 100 100 100 100
Vitamin A-rich fruit & vegetables 8.2 19.3 13.2 42.2 60.2
Vegetables other than vitamin A-rich 25.9 31.8 62.3 84.4 89.2
Fruit other than vitamin A-rich 2.4 5.7 8.8 23.3 59.1
Meat/poultry/fish 35.3 59.1 80.7 85.6 95.7
Eggs 0.0 19.3 17.5 34.4 61.3
Legumes 3.5 8.0 7.0 5.6 23.7
Dairy products 3.5 10.2 31.6 35.6 79.6
Fats/oils 4.7 46.6 78.9 88.9 100.0
Food groups consumed by > 50% of respondents Cereals, roots & tubers Cereals, roots & tubers Cereals, roots & tubers Cereals, roots & tubers Cereals, roots & tubers
  Meat/poultry/fish Meat/poultry/fish Meat/poultry/fish Meat/poultry/fish
   Vegetables* Vegetables* Vegetables*
   Fats/oils Fats/oils Fats/oils
     Vit A-rich fruit & vegetables
     Fruit*
     Eggs
     Dairy products
Settlement Informal 37.2 30.9 14.7 9.9 7.3
Formal 5.0 10.4 30.8 25.4 28.3
Sex Males 17.9 19.9 25.4 19.9 16.9
Females 17.7 18.0 23.3 18.8 22.2
  1. * other than vitamin A-rich.