Skip to main content

Table 3 Mean BMI values (kg/m 2 ) for subjects in the different explanatory variable groups, presented separately according to sex and assessment period (longitudinal samples of the Swedish population from 1980/81, 1988/89, 1996/97 and 2004/05)

From: Longitudinal age-and cohort trends in body mass index in Sweden – a 24-year follow-up study

Variable Men Women
  1980/81 1988/89 1996/97 2004/05 1980/81 1988/89 1996/97 2004/05
n 2728 2688 2570 2177 2770 2666 2634 2211
Overall mean 24.1 24.4 25.0 25.5 23.1 23.2 23.9 24.3
Age group         
      16-23 22.17) 22.08) 22.69) 22.710) 21.17) 21.18) 21.69) 21.810)
      24-31 23.36) 23.77) 24.28) 24.49) 21.46) 22.37) 22.98) 23.19)
      32-39 24.15) 24.36) 25.17) 25.78) 22.35) 22.46) 23.47) 24.48)
      40-47 24.74) 25.05) 25.66) 26.47) 23.44) 23.55) 23.96) 24.67)
      48-55 25.13) 25.34) 25.85) 26.46) 24.33) 24.24) 24.95) 24.76)
      56-63 25.52) 25.83) 26.04) 26.35) 25.12) 25.23) 25.64) 25.25)
      64-71 25.21) 25.62) 26.23) 26.24) 25.01) 24.92) 25.73) 25.94)
Education         
      Low 24.4 24.4 25.1 24.9 23.6 23.7 24.4 24.2
      Middle 24.1 24.5 25.5 26.7 22.8 23.3 24.3 25.2
      High 23.7 24.2 24.6 25.2 22.1 22.5 23.3 23.8
Urbanization a         
      1 23.8 24.1 24.8 25.2 22.6 22.8 23.5 23.7
      2 24.2 24.3 25.0 25.5 23.1 23.2 23.9 24.4
      3 24.3 24.6 25.2 25.9 23.5 23.6 24.4 24.7
Physical activity         
      Almost none 24.4 24.9 25.6 26.0 23.6 23.7 24.6 24.9
      Once a week 24.3 24.0 24.9 25.5 22.4 22.8 23.8 24.1
      >Once a week 23.5 23.8 24.4 25.1 22.5 22.7 23.2 23.8
Smoking         
      Non-smokers 23.7 23.8 24.6 25.1 23.6 23.3 23.8 24.0
      Former 24.7 25.1 25.8 26.2 22.9 23.6 24.5 24.9
      Current 24.0 24.3 24.8 25.2 22.4 22.7 23.6 23.9
Chronic disease         
      No 23.9 24.1 24.8 25.2 22.7 22.8 23.5 23.7
      Yes 24.6 25.0 25.6 26.1 23.9 24.1 24.7 25.1
  1. aResidence in: (1) the three largest cities in Sweden; (2) medium-sized towns (population >90,000); and (3) small towns (population 27,000–90,000) and rural areas.
  2. Birth cohort:
  3. 1)1910-1917;2)1918-25; 3)1926-33; 4)1934-41; 5)1942-49; 6)1950-57; 7)1958-65; 8)1966-73;9)1974-81;10)1982-89.