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Table 1 Characteristics of participants by whether they utilised rehabilitation services post-stroke

From: Are rehabilitation services following stroke accessed equitably in Australia?: findings from the psychosocial outcomes in stroke (POISE) cohort study

  Yes n=254 (%) No n=160 (%) Univariate p-value
Rehabilitation after stroke
Demographic information    
Age, mean (±SD) 52.8 (9.8) 51.6 (10.4) 0.22
Male 163/254 (64) 117/160 (73) 0.06
Education:    
School certificate or less 97/251 (39) 54/160 (34) 0.25
HSC/trade certificate 68/251 (27) 43/160 (27) 0.57
Diploma/degree or higher (ref) 86/251 (34) 63/160 (39)  
Married/defacto 159/254 (63) 106/160 (66) 0.12
Cognitive status score ( TICS <21) 44/220 (20) 21/154 (14) 0.11
Living alone 45/254 (18) 24/160 (15) 0.47
Medical history    
Smoker 114/253 (45) 63/160 (39) 0.26
Hazardous drinking level (score >8 on AUDIT-C) 38/253 (15) 27/160 (17) 0.61
Co-morbidity (Charlson Comorbidity index) 141/253 (56) 67/159 (42) 0.01
Dependent in ADLs before stroke 6/253 (2) 2/159 (1) 0.43
Previous treatment for depression 98/254 (39) 53/160 (33) 0.26
Economic circumstances    
Employment (pre-stroke)    
Full-time/part-time (ref) 156/254 (61) 115/160 (72)  
Retired/unemployed 98/254 (39) 45/160 (28) 0.03
Manual occupation (pre-stroke) 123/230 (53) 74/153 (48) 0.33
Income    
Low (<AUD$600 per week) 49/226 (22) 25/147(17) 0.16
Middle (AUD$600 to AUD$1000 per week) 38/226 (17) 28/147 (19) 0.91
High (>AUD$1000 per week) (ref) 109/226 (48) 83/147 (56)  
No private health insurance 138/251 (55) 82/159 (52) 0.50
No income protection insurance 227/251 (90) 137/159 (86) 0.18
Carer payment/allowance 86/252 (34) 44/159 (28) 0.17
Economic hardship at baseline 91/254 (36) 59/160 (37) 0.83
Main earner in household 144/249 (58) 100/159 (63) 0.31
Social capital    
Believes they have the power to make important decisions 187/247 (76) 138/159 (87) <0.01
Likely to have access to someone beyond close relatives willing and able to lend one week’s wages 199/247 (90) 132/156 (85) 0.30
Agree that most people in their neighbourhood are willing to help 195/251 (78) 111/159 (70) 0.07
Believes they need to be alert to potential harm in their neighbourhood 74/249 (30) 53/158 (34) 0.42
Number of telephone calls (week) (±SD) 30.4 (29.1) 32.2 (28.7) 0.55
Number of close friends (±SD) 9.5 (11.8) 8.1 (10.4) 0.22
Number of times got together with family/friends since stroke 3.5(6.0) 4.6 (5.4) 0.05
AFTER STROKE (28 days)    
Stroke sub-type    
Ischaemic (ref) 209/254 (82) 136/160 (85)  
Intracerebral haemorrhage 32/254 (13) 15/160 (9) 0.67
Subarachnoid haemorrhage 2/254 (1) 2/160 (1) 0.63
Unknown/missing 11/254 (5) 7/160 (5) 0.39
Dependent in activities of daily living at 28 days 71/232 (31) 3/154 (2) <0.01
Returned to any paid work 23/155 (15) 52/113 (46) <0.01
Depression at 28 days (HADS depression subscale >= 8) 36/218 (17) 17/154 (11) 0.14
Anxiety at 28 days (HADS anxiety subscale >= 8) 55/218 (25) 37/154 (24) 0.79