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Table 5 Association of Avahan program exposure to condom use outcomes and STI presence among HR-MSM and TGs in Tamil Nadu

From: Increasing condom use and declining STI prevalence in high-risk MSM and TGs: evaluation of a large-scale prevention program in Tamil Nadu, India

Condom use Group % who received any services Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR^ (95% CI) p-value (Wald test)
Last time condom use with paying male partner HR-MSM 88.3 5.3 (3.4-8.3) 4.78 (2.9-7.9) <0.01
  TGs 86.8 1.6 (0.8-3.0) 2.82 (1.3-6.1) <0.01
Consistent condom use with regular male partner HR-MSM 90.7 3.46 (2.3-5.2) 3.98 (2.3-6.9) <0.001
TGs 43.1 1.74 (0.9-3.4) 1.66 (0.8-3.3) 0.14
Consistent condom use with paid male partner HR-MSM 74.8 0.76 (0.5-1.3) 1.96 (0.9-4.4) 0.10
Consistent condom use with other male partner HR-MSM 93.1 5.46 (3.4-8.9) 5.18 (2.9-9.2) <0.01
TGs 38.8 4.2 (1.6-11.1) 5.46 (1.7-17.4) <0.01
STI prevalence
Any STIs (NG, CT or high-titre syphilis) HR-MSM 3.95 0.70 (0.34-1.4) 0.66 (0.4-1.1) 0.138
Syphilis TGs 11.2 1.6 (0.8-3.3) 1.6 (0.7-3.8) 0.25
  1. ^FOR HR-MSM - Multivariate models were controlled for the following variables: age, literacy, marital status, occupation, self-identity, age at first sex, and residency; FOR TGs - Multivariate models were controlled for the following variables: age, literacy, marital status, occupation, self-identity, age at first sex, residency, and district.
  2. Legend: Table 5 provides results of multivariate analysis of the link between condom use and presence of any STIs with Avahan program exposure; for both HR-MSM and TGs, using IBBA data pooled for R 1 and R 2.