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Table 4 Associations between physical/sexual violence (life-time), socio-demographic and psychosocial factors

From: Self-reported exposure to intimate partner violence among women and men in Sweden: results from a population-based survey

  Physical/sexual violence
  Men: N = 399 (Exposed N = 56) Women: N = 573 (Exposed N = 137)
  Men (N) Exposed % (N) Crude OR (95% CI) Women (N) Exposed % (N) Crude OR (95% CI)
Age groups       
60–65 71 16.1 (9) 1 67 5.8 (8) 1
50–59 98 14.3 (8) 0.62 (0.23–1.69) 136 17.5 (24) 1.63 (0.69–3.86)
40–49 96 30.4 (17) 1.52 (0.63–3.64) 125 23.4 (32) 2.48 (1.07–5.75)
30–39 77 14.3 (8) 0.81 (0.29–2.23) 138 29.2 (40) 2.94 (1.29–6.72)
18–29 57 25.0 (14) 2.26 (0.90–5.70) 107 24.1 (33) 3.22 (1.38–7.51)
Civil Status       
Married/cohabitant/registered partnership 296 58.9 (33) 1 420 56.6 (77) 1
Boyfriend/girlfriend 53 14.3 (8) 1.43 (0.62–3.29) 64 15.4 (21) 2.28 (1.27–4.07)
Single/widowed/divorced 48 26.8 (15) 4.06 (1.97–8.35) 85 27.9 (38) 4.44 (2.66–7.42)
Duration of Present Relationship       
>10 yrs 227 48.8 (21) 1 288 35.3 (36) 1
4–10 yrs 62 23.3 (10) 1.91 (0.85–4.30) 115 31.4 (32) 2.71 (1.58–4.64)
≤ 3 yrs 64 27.9 (12) 2.33 (1.08–5.05) 82 33.3 (34) 4.92 (2.81–8.62)
Country of birth       
Sweden 356 83.6 (46) 1 517 88.3 (121) 1
Outside Sweden 43 16.4 (9) 187 (0.84–4.18) 54 11.7 (16) 1.34 (0.72–2.49)
Partners country of birth       
Sweden 349 89.3 (50) 1 494 79.6 (109) 1
Outside Sweden 50 10.7 (6) 0.88 (0.36–2.19) 79 20.4 (28) 1.92 (1.15–3.20)
Educational level       
University 156 48.1 (26) 1 270 48.2 (66) 1
High school (10–12 yrs) 173 40.7 (22) 1.48 (0.57–3.82) 211 38.7 (53) 1.37 (0.75–2.50)
Compulsory (≤9 yrs) 67 11.1 (6) 2.10 (0.82–5.37) 91 13.1 (18) 1.31 (0.73–2.35)
Annual Income (SEK)       
310,000 or more 163 32.1 (18) 1 87 8.8 (12) 1
235,000–309,999 107 32.1 (18) 1.58 (0.78–3.21) 143 26.3 (36) 2.08 (1.01–4.26)
160,000–234,999 52 8.9 (5) 0.89 (0.31–2.54) 175 29.2 (40) 1.82 (0.90–3.68)
0–159,999 77 26.8 (15) 1.96 (0.93–4.14) 168 35.8 (49) 2.53 (1.26–5.09)
Employment status       
Employed 329 80.0 (44) 1 396 67.9 (93) 1
Student, retired, sick-leave, parental leave or leave of absence, unemployed, other 66 20.0 (11) 1.31 (0.64–2.79) 172 32.1 (44) 1.13 (0.74–1.71)
Partners employment status       
Employed 262 73.5 (36) 1 414 78.9 (90) 1
Student, retired, sick-leave, parental leave or leave of absence, unemployed, other 121 26.5 (13) 0.78 (0.40–1.53) 111 21.1 (24) 0.99 (0.60–1.65)
Children living at home       
No 206 52.7 (29) 1 297 46.0 (63) 1
Yes 190 47.3 (26) 0.98 (0.55–1.73) 270 54.0 (74) 1.36 (0.93–2.01)
Access to social support       
Good 251 44.6 (25) 1 361 47.4 (64) 1
Poor/moderate 139 55.4 (31) 2.65 (1.49–4.71) 199 52.6 (71) 2.59 (1.74–3.85)
Grown up in a home with violence       
No 357 74.5 (41) 1 510 82.6 (109) 1
Yes/Unsure 38 25.5 (14) 4.37 (2.09–9.11) 55 17. 4(23) 3.09 (1.70–5.60)
  1. Total sample n = 972.