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Table 1 Associations between the demographic characteristics of parental smokers and smoking in the presence of their children

From: Factors associated with parental smoking in the presence of school-aged children: a cross-sectional study

Variables Smoked in the presence of children Did not smoke in the presence of children OR 95% CI
n % n %
Overall (N = 307) 203 66.12 104 33.88 -  
Gender       
 Male 171 64.29 85 35.71   
 Female 32 80.00 8 20.00 2.22 0.98-5.01
Age (y)       
 41-60 97 61.78 60 38.22   
 21-40 104 70.27 44 29.73 1.46 0.91-2.36
Marital status       
 Married 161 65.45 85 34.55   
 Unmarried 38 69.09 17 30.91 1.18 0.63-2.21
Education       
 ≥Baccalaureate 54 55.10 44 44.90   
 High School 111 70.70 46 29.30 1.97 1.16-3.33*
 Junior high 36 75.00 12 25.00 2.44 1.14-5.25*
Occupation       
 Labor 77 65.25 41 34.75   
 Business/Service 96 62.75 57 37.25 0.90 0.54-1.48
 Other 27 84.38 5 15.63 2.88 1.03-8.03
Family type       
 Nuclear 104 66.67 52 33.33   
 Mixed 98 65.33 52 34.67 0.94 0.59-1.51
Annual income       
 >$600,000 65 58.04 47 41.96   
 ≤$600,000 131 71.58 52 28.42 1.82 1.11-2.99*
Grades of children       
 1-2 62 63.27 36 36.73   
 3-4 74 70.48 31 29.52 1.38 0.77-2.49
 5-6 67 64.42 37 35.58 1.05 0.59-1.87
Region of Taiwan       
 North 67 62.04 41 37.96   
 Central 39 65.00 21 35.00 1.13 0.59-2.19
 South 52 70.27 22 29.73 1.45 0.77-2.72
 East 45 69.23 20 30.77 1.38 0.72-2.65
  1. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.
  2. *p < .05.