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Table 4 Knowledge and perception of participants about FGM (n = 1987)

From: Female genital mutilation among Iraqi Kurdish women: a cross-sectional study from Erbil city

Variable No. (%)
Impact of FGM on woman’s health   
No 1033 (52.0)
Don’t know 368 (18.5)
Yes 586 (29.5)
Reduce libido 474 (23.9)
Bleeding 71 (3.6)
Pain 26 (1.3)
Infertility 4 (0.2)
Gloominess 3 (0.2)
Others (infection, difficult labor, etc.) 8 (0.4)
Reasons for practicing FGM   
Social and cultural tradition 928 (46.7)
Dictate of religion 770 (38.8)
Reduce libido 155 (7.8)
Cleanliness 14 (0.7)
Remove bad odor 7 (0.4)
More beautiful appearance 5 (0.3)
Don’t know 107 (5.4)
Attitude towards FGM   
Support FGM 728 (36.6)
Against FGM 1259 (63.4)
Intention to mutilate daughters 686 (34.5)
Mutilated women (n = 1164) 545 (46.8)
Non-mutilated women (n = 823) 141 (17.1)
  1. FGM female genital mutilation.