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Table 1 Characteristics of the subsample* at birth, during childhood and in adulthood

From: Childhood adversity as a risk for cancer: findings from the 1958 British birth cohort study

   Men % (n) Women % (n)
   46.2 (2836) 53.8 (3302)
Cancer No 96.7 (2743) 89.4 (2951)
  Yes 3.3 (93) 10.6 (351)
ACE 0 74.4 (2110) 75.2 (2483)
  1 20.0 (566) 19.4 (641)
  2 or more 5.6 (160) 5.4 (178)
Mother’s education Stayed at school after min age 27.3 (773) 26.5 (875)
  Left school at or before min age 69.5 (1970) 70.0 (2310)
  Missing 3.3 (93) 3.5 (117)
Parental social class Non-manual 30.9 (875) 27.2 (931)
  Manual 65.7 (1862) 68.0 (2246)
  Missing 3.5 (99) 3.8 (125)
Overcrowded household <1.5 people per room 85.5 (2424) 83.4 (2775)
 1.5 people per room 9.1 (257) 11.3 (374)
  Missing 5.5 (155) 5.2 (173)
Parity Primiparous 36.5 (1034) 37.6 (1242)
  One 32.2 (913) 28.6 (945)
  Two or more 28.6 (812) 30.7 (1013)
  Missing 2.7 (77) 3.1 (102)
Fœtal distress No 87.4 (2478) 89.1 (2943)
  Yes 9.9 (281) 7.8 (256)
  Missing 2.7 (77) 3.1 (103)
Problems during pregnancy No 72.7 (2063) 70.7 (2333)
  Yes 24.5 (695) 26.2 (865)
  Missing 2.8 (78) 3.2 (104)
Smoking in pregnancy No 66.6 (1888) 65.6 (2165)
  Sometimes 5.4 (152) 5.0 (164)
  Moderately 13.8 (390) 14.3 (472)
  Heavily 10.4 (296) 11.0 (364)
  Missing 3.9 (110) 4.1 (137)
Breastfeeding Yes for more than 1 month 44.6 (1264) 43.4 (1432)
  Yes for up to one month 22.3 (631) 23.1 (763)
  No 27.4 (776) 27.3 (901)
  Missing 5.8 (165) 6.2 (206)
Childhood pathologies No 65.0 (1843) 69.4 (2291)
  Yes 22.6 (640) 18.5 (612)
  Missing 12.5 (353) 12.1 (399)
Education level 23 y A levels or higher 25.6 (726) 24.3 (801)
  O levels 39.4 (1117) 45.1 (1489)
  No qualifications 34.2 ((970) 29.1 (961)
  missing 0.8 (23) 1.5 (51)
Social class 23 y Non-manual active 38.6 (1094) 54.3 (1792)
  Manual active 45.4 (1287) 12.8 (422)
  Inactive 12.9 (365) 31.1 (1027)
  Missing 3.17 (90) 1.9 (61)
Alcohol consumption 23 y Normal 70.1 (1988) 56.4 (1862)
  Abstinence 4.2 (118) 7.4 (244)
  Heavy 17.6 (498) 8.9 (293)
  missing 8.2 (232) 27.4 (903)
Smoking 23 y Never 29.3 (832) 33.4 (1102)
  Past 33.9 (960) 27.9 (921)
  Current 36.1 (1023) 37.3 (1230)
  missing 0.7 (21) 1.5 (49)
Psychological malaise 23 y No 96.1 (2725) 89.5 (2956)
  Yes 3.0 (85) 8.9 (295)
  Missing 0.9 (26) 1.5 (51)
Body mass index 23 y Normal 75.3 (2136) 76.5 (2526)
(Kg/m2 WHO cut-offs) Underweight 2.3 (64) 7.0 (231)
  Overweight 16.8 (477) 11.3 (374)
  Obese 3.9 (110) 2.6 (86)
  missing 1.7 (49) 2.6 (85)
   Mean (s.e.) Mean (s.e.)
Gestational age in days (missing n = 2986 ) 279.9 (0.2) 280.4 (0.2)
Birthweight Kg (missing n = 1775) 3.4 (0.0) 3.2 (0.1)
Mother’s age at birth (missing n = 1156) 27.5 (0.1) 27.6 (0.1)
  1. *Subsample of individuals who provided information used to create adversity and cancer variables.