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Table 3 Communities' knowledge about mode of transmission and preventive methods of TB, Itang Special District, GRS, South Western Ethiopia

From: Community’s knowledge, attitudes and practices about tuberculosis in Itang Special District, Gambella Region, South Western Ethiopia

Variables Anywa site Nuer site Opwo site Total
Is PTB transmittable? Number (%) Number (%) Number (%) Number (%)
Yes 114 (89.8) 219 (77.9) 13 (92.8) 346 (81.9)
No 13 (10.2) 62 (22.1) 1 (7.1) 76 (16.2)
Mode of TB transmission     
Transmits through cough (PTB) 65 (51.1) 142 (50.5) 10 (71.4) 272 (51.4)
Through sharing drinking (TBL and PTB) 46 (36.2) 76 (27.1) 10 (71.4) 132 (31.3)
Through sharing food (TBL and PTB) 18 (14.2) 69 (24.5) 10 (71.4) 97 (22.9)
Prevention and control of TB     
BCG vaccination (PTB and TBL) 1 (0.8) 64 (22.8) 0 (0.0) 65 (15.4)
Hygiene (PTB and TBL) 28 (22.1) 90 (32.1) 5 (35.7) 123 (29.2)
Avoid smoking (PTB) 87 (68.5) 76 (27.1) 10 (71.4) 173 (41.0)
Isolate patient with PTB 16 (12.5) 8 (2.9) 5 (35.7) 29 (6.8)
Cover mouth when cough for PTB 21 (16.5) 2 (0.7) 7 (50.0) 30 (7.1)
Avoid drinking raw milk for TBL 51 (40.2) 21 (7.5) 8 (57.1) 80 (18.9)
Consult health extension workers incase sick from PTB 95 (74.8) 115 (40.9) 11 (78.6) 221 (52.4)
Prefer traditional healers for treatment (TBL) 33 (25.9) 157 (55.8) 1 (7.2) 191 (45.3)
Prefer health post for treatment (PTB) 33 (25.9) 143 (50.9) 4 (28.5) 180 (42.7)