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Table 2 Prevalence of domains in the health belief model by gender

From: Gender differences in predictors of colorectal cancer screening uptake: a national cross sectional study based on the health belief model

Statement Men (% agree)* Women (% agree)* P value
  n = 693 n = 1050  
  n (%) n (%)  
Susceptibility      
I have some/high chance of developing CRC 272 (39.2) 341 (32.5) 0.004
I never worry about getting CRC 199 (28.7) 319 (30.4) 0.45
It is fated that I will get CRC 301 (43.4) 484 (46.1) 0.26
I can prevent myself from getting CRC 463 (66.8) 653 (62.2) 0.049
Severity      
CRC leads to suffering 629 (90.7) 937 (89.2) 0.34
CRC leads to death 597 (86.2) 878 (83.6) 0.16
CRC affects my family 580 (83.6) 895 (85.2) 0.38
CRC affects my social life 595 (85.9) 890 (84.8) 0.54
CRC is expensive to treat 563 (81.3) 885 (84.3) 0.11
Benefit      
CRC screening helps detect cancer early 624 (90.0) 918 (87.4) 0.096
Cues      
I have attended a public talk on CRC 49 (7.0) 101 (9.6) 0.068
I heard/read about CRC from TV/newspapers 499 (72.0) 793 (75.5) 0.11
I heard about CRC from friends or relatives 269 (38.8) 450 (42.9) 0.094
Doctor recommended CRC screening to me 139 (20.1) 256 (24.4) 0.037
Friends told me to go for CRC screening 80 (11.6) 187 (17.8) <0.001
My family told me to go for CRC screening* 106 (15.3) 226 (21.5) 0.001
Family history of CRC 38 (5.5) 64 (6.1) 0.238
Barriers Men (% disagree) Women (% disagree) p-value
  n (%) n (%)  
I rather not know if I had CRC 420 (60.6) 606 (57.7) 0.23
I am afraid of finding out if I have CRC 403 (58.2) 487 (46.4) <0.001
Screening is expensive 123 (17.8) 167 (15.9) 0.30
Colonoscopy is dangerous 396 (57.2) 540 (51.4) 0.017
Colonoscopy is painful 236 (34.0) 273 (26.0) <0.001
Colonoscopy is embarrassing 453 (65.3) 391 (56.4) <0.001
Inconvenient to see doctor for CRC screening 417 (60.2) 562 (53.5) 0.006
  1. *Excludes missing values.