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Table 1 Baseline sociodemographic data

From: Health promotion in individuals with mental disorders: a cluster preference randomized controlled trial

Variable Intervention group (n=201) Control group (n=83) p
Sex, n (%)    0.27§
 men 119 (59.2) 55 (66.3)  
 women 82 (40.8) 28 (33.7)  
Age (years), mean±SD 46.2±12.5 46.6±11.9 0.83‡
Smoking, n (%)    
 no smoking 77 (41.4) 26 (33.3) 0.22§
 smoking 109 (58.6) 52 (66.7)  
Alcohol use, n (%)    
 regular 87 (46.5) 35 (44.9) 0.81§
 never 100 (53.5) 43 (55.1)  
Employment, n (%)    0.51§
 regular 11 (5.9) 2 (2.5)  
 sheltered 73 (39.2) 32 (40.5)  
 no employment 102 (54.8) 45 (57.0)  
Living situation, n (%)    <0.01§
 alone 71 (38.0) 15 (19.0)  
 with others 116 (62.0) 64 (81.0)  
Contact with family, n (%)    0.70§
 regular 134 (72.0) 58 (74.4)  
 seldom/never 52 (28.0) 20 (25.6)  
Contact with friends, n (%)    0.12§
 regular 111 (60.0) 54 (70.1)  
 seldom/never 74 (40.0) 23 (29.9)  
Stay in SH (years), median (range) 4.4 (0.1-22.3) 2.5 (0.1-16.3) 0.04†
DSM-IV diagnosis, n (%)    
 schizophrenia 80 (41.2) 25 (30.1) 0.08§
 mood disorder 44 (22.7) 24 (28.9) 0.27§
 substance misuse 30 (15.5) 14 (16.9) 0.77§
 personality disorder 29 (14.9) 11 (13.3) 0.71§
 other 11 (5.7) 9 (10.8) 0.13§
Medication, n (%)    
 sedatives/anxiolytics 60 (29.9) 34 (41.0) 0.07§
 first generation antipsychotics 46 (22.9) 13 (15.7) 0.17§
 second generation antipsychotics 137 (68.2) 45 (54.2) 0.03§
 antidepressants 106 (52.7) 46 (55.4) 0.68§
  1. §Pearson Chi-Square; ‡ Independent samples t-test; †Mann–Whitney U test; SH Sheltered Housing.
  2. DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.