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Table 3 Results of the multinomial logistic regression: crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (n = 1174)

From: Inequalities in self-rated health among 45+ year-olds in Almaty, Kazakhstan: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Poor vs. Gooda Satisfactory vs. Gooda
  Crude OR Adjusted ORb Crude OR Adjusted ORb
Age, years     
45–54 Reference Reference Reference Reference
55–64 2.2 (1.2-4.1) 1.6 (0.8-3.3) 1.5 (1.1-2.0) 1.1 (0.7-1.5)
65–74 9.1 (5.0-16.4) 2.6 (1.1-6.3) 2.7 (1.9-3.9) 0.9 (0.5-1.6)
75+ 21.8 (10.3-46.0) 6.4 (2.3-17.9) 7.0 (4.0-12.2) 2.6 (1.3-5.4)
Gender     
Male Reference Reference Reference Reference
Female 2.7 (1.8-4.1) 1.9 (1.2-3.1) 1.9 (1.5-2.5) 1.6 (1.2-2.1)
Ethnic background     
Kazakh Reference Reference Reference Reference
Russian 2.3 (1.5-3.7) 1.0 (0.6-1.7) 1.4 (1.1-1.9) 1.0 (0.7-1.3)
Other/Unknown 1.2 (0.6-2.5) 0.5 (0.2-1.2) 1.1 (0.7-1.6) 0.7 (0.4-1.1)
Education     
Secondary or less 7.3 (4.4-12.1) 3.5 (1.9-6.2) 2.4 (1.7-3.2) 1.5 (1.0-2.1)
Vocational 4.5 (2.6-7.6) 3.2 (1.8-5.8) 1.7 (1.3-2.4) 1.4 (0.9-2.0)
Higher Reference Reference Reference Reference
Occupation     
Blue-collar 0.9 (0.3-2.2) 0.6 (0.2-1.6) 1.4 (1.0-2.7)c 1.2 (0.8-1.8)
White-collar Reference Reference Reference Reference
Unemployed 4.1 (1.6-10.3) 1.8 (0.7-5.0) 3.5 (2.1-5.6) 2.3 (1.4-3.9)
Pensioner 12.4 (6.0-25.9) 3.2 (1.3-8.0) 5.7 (3.9-8.3) 4.0 (2.4-6.6)
Other/Unknown 4.2 (1.2-14.2) 3.4 (0.9-12.9) 1.4 (0.7-3.2) 1.3 (0.6-3.1)
Marital status     
Married Reference Reference Reference Reference
Unmarried 4.0 (2.7-6.1) 1.6 (1.0-2.7)c 1.9 (1.4-2.5) 1.1 (0.8-1.5)
Self-reported material deprivation     
Category 1 28.3 (12.6-63.6) 20.0 (8.3-47.9) 6.9 (4.0-12.1) 6.3 (3.5-11.4)
Category 2 14.2 (6.8-29.9) 12.3 (5.5-27.4) 4.9 (3.2-7.6) 4.7 (2.9-7.6)
Category 3 3.5 (1.7-7.2) 4.4 (2.0-9.7) 2.0 (1.4-2.9) 2.5 (1.7-3.6)
Category 4 Reference Reference Reference Reference
Unknown 2.6 (1.3-5.6) 3.3 (1.5-7.4) 1.2 (0.9-1.8) 1.5 (1.0-2.2)c
  1. aGood and excellent combined.
  2. bAdjusted for all variables in the table.
  3. cConfidence intervals include 1.0.