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Table 8 Association between health risk behaviors with HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and chronic liver disease caused mortality in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2006-2009

From: Association of socioeconomic and behavioral factors with adult mortality: analysis of data from verbal autopsy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Health risk behaviours HIV/AIDS
No (%) COR (95% CI)  P AOR ( 95% CI)a  P
Alcohol use      
Non alcohol use 506 (14) Ref. NA Ref NA
Frequent alcohol use 111 (3) 1.40 (1.12-1.78) 0.005 2.14 (1.52-3.00) <0.001
Occasional alcohol use 90 (2.4) 0.84 (0.66-1.07) 0.162 1.21 (0.89-1.66) 0.231
  Tuberculosis
Alcohol use      
Non alcohol use 299 (8) Ref. NA Ref NA
Frequent alcohol use 82 (2.2) 1.77 (1.35-2.31) <0.001 1.61 (1.15-2.24) 0.005
Occasional alcohol use 79 (2.1) 1.33 (1.02-1.74) 0.035 1.35 (1.00-1.82) 0.056
Tobacco use      
Non tobacco use 395 (11) Ref. NA Ref NA
Frequent tobacco use 57 (2) 2.24 (1.64-3.07) <0.001 1.67 (1.13-2.47) 0.010
Occasional tobacco use 8 (0.2) 2.93 (1.29-6.65) 0.010 2.41 (1.01-5.74) 0.047
  Chronic liver diseases
Alcohol use      
Non alcohol use 92 (3) Ref. NA Ref NA
Frequent alcohol use 45 (1.2) 3.12 (2.15-4.52) <0.001 3.09 (1.95-4.89) <0.001
Occasional alcohol use 28 (1) 1.51 (1.00-2.32) 0.064 1.51 (0.94-2.42) 0.088
  1. Abbreviations: COR crude odd ratios, AOR adjusted odd ratios, CI confidence interval, NA not applicable.
  2. aAdjusted for sex, age, religion, marital status, ethnicity, educational status, occupation, alcohol use, tobacco use, and khat use.