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Table 4 Tobacco use among deceased adults in relation to causes of death (N = 3709), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2006-2009

From: Association of socioeconomic and behavioral factors with adult mortality: analysis of data from verbal autopsy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Cause of death Number Frequent tobacco use Occasional tobacco use No tobacco use **
  n n(%) n(%) n(%)
I. Communicable diseases 1566 135 (9)* 15 (1) 1416 (90)
   HIV/AIDS 707 69 (10)* 7 (1) 631 (89)
   Tuberculosis 460 57 (12)* 8 (2) 395 (86)
   Respiratory infections 102 1 (1)* 2 (2) 99 (97)
   Diarrheal disease 115 6 (5) 1 (1) 108 (94)
   Meningitis 47 2 (4.3) - 45 (96)
II. Non communicable disease 1915 108 (6)* 11 (1) 1796 (94)
  A. Malignant neoplasm 386 15 (4)* 1 (0.3) 370 (96)
   Stomach cancer 73 4 (6) - 69 (95)
   Breast cancer 43 - - 43 (100)
   Uterine cancer 47 - - 47 (100)
   Liver cancer 37 1 (3) - 36 (97)
   Cancer of cervix 19 - - 19 (100)
   Colon and rectal cancer 27 2 (7) - 25 (92)
   Other neoplasm 145 8 (6) 1 (1) 136 (94)
  B. Diabetes mellitus 183 12 (7) 2 (1) 169 (92)
  C. Neuropsychiatry 76 5 (7) 2 (3) 69 (91)
  D. Cardiovascular diseases 885 44 (5)* 3 (0.3) 838 (95)
   Hypertensive disease 426 17 (4)* 2 (1) 407(96)
   Stroke 404 18 (5) 2 (1) 384 (95)
   Congestive heart failure 239 13 (5) 1 (0.4) 225 (94)
   Myocardial infarction 84 10 (12) - 74 (88)
  E. Respiratory diseases 93 - - 93 (100)
   Asthma 73 - - 73 (100)
  F. Digestive diseases 328 29 (9) 3 (1) 296 (90)
   Chronic liver disease 165 17 (10) 2 (1) 146 (89)
   Peptic ulcer disease 31 1 (3) 1 (3) 29 (94)
  G. Genitourinary disease 137 6 (4) - 131 (96)
   Chronic renal failure 112 5 (4.5) - 107 (96)
II. Injuries 233 19 (8) 3 (1) 211 (91)
  A. Unintentional 102 6 (6) 1 (1) 95 (93)
   Road traffic accidents 83 4 (5) 1 (1) 78 (94)
  B. Intentional (Suicide…) 79 9 (11) - 70 (89)
   Poisoning 28 10 (36)* - 18 (64)
   Undetermined 254 7 (3)* 1(0.4) 246 (97)
  1. Note: * P < 0.03. P value obtained by comparison of frequent tobacco use, occasional tobacco use and non tobacco use by chi- squared trend test.
  2. **No tobacco use is a reference category.