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Table 2 Tobacco, alcohol and khat use by sex among deceased Adults in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2006-2009

From: Association of socioeconomic and behavioral factors with adult mortality: analysis of data from verbal autopsy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Health risk behaviors Males (n = 1864) Females (n = 1845) Total (n = 3709)
  n (%) n (%) n (%)
Alcohol use    
   Ever alcohol use 869 (47)* 188 (10) 1055 (29)
   Frequently alcohol use 411 (22)* 43 (2) 454 (12)
   Occasionally alcohol use 424 (23)* 131(7) 555 (15)
Getting drunk of alcohol use    
   Frequently get drunk 247 (13)* 22 (1) 269 (7)
   Occasionally get drunk 187 (10)* 21 (1) 208 (6)
Tobacco use    
   Ever tobacco use 337 (18)* 15 (1) 352 (10)
   Frequently tobacco use 244 (13)* 8 (0.4) 252 (7)
   Occasionally tobacco use 29 (2) - 29 (1)
Duration of tobacco use    
   Tobacco used, ≤ 5years 29 (2) - 29 (1)
Tobacco used ,5 to10 years 26 (1)* 2 (0.1) 28 (1)
   Tobacco used, 11 and above years 228 (12)* 9 (1) 237 (6)
   Tobacco use till sick 217 (12)* 10 (1) 227 (6)
   Stopped tobacco use before being sick 100 (5)* 2 (0.1) 102 (3)
Khat Use    
   Ever khat use 238 (13)* 39 (2) 277 (8)
   Frequently khat use 145 (8)* 14 (1) 159 (4)
   Occasionally khat use 77 (4)* 19 (1) 96 (3)
  1. Note: * P < 0.001. P value computed by comparing males and females using chi- squared test.