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Table 3 Risk factors for DR in subjects with FINDRISC score ≥ 9

From: Prevalence and risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in a high-risk Chinese population

  p value Odds ratio 95% CI
Age (years) 0.588 1.019 0.952-1.090
Gender 0.110 2.959 0.781-11.210
Family history of diabetes 0.541 0.492 0.051-4.784
History of impaired glucose regulation 0.041 7.194 1.083-47.810
Body mass index (kg/m2) 0.752 0.949 0.686-1.312
Waist circumference (cm) 0.583 0.968 0.860-1.088
Hip circumference (cm) 0.083 1.147 0.982-1.339
History of antihypertensive drug treatment 0.641 0.747 0.219-2.548
Physical activity (≥ 4 hours per week) 0.195 0.443 0.129-1.517
Daily consumption of fruits or vegetables 0.608 1.446 0.353-5.922
FINDRISC score 0.901 1.021 0.739-1.411
HbA1c (%) 0.048 2.912 1.009-8.402
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L) 0.126 0.972 0.937-1.008
2 h postprandial plasma glucose (mmol/L) 0.015 1.014 1.003- 1.025
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 0.855 0.997 0.965-1.030
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 0.480 1.024 0.959-1.092
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.189 1.486 0.823-2.683
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.359 0.863 0.631-1.182
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.449 0.489 0.077-3.117
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.661 0.830 0.362-1.907
Microalbuminuria 0.023 5.387 1.255-23.129
  1. FINDRISC Finnish diabetes risk score, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein.