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Table 4 Results from the contrast analyses of significant interactions of gender and history of violence (N = 7697)

From: Prevalence and gender patterns of mental health problems in German youth with experience of violence: the KiGGS study

  Uninvolved Youth Victims Perpetrators Perpetrating victims
   AOR (95% CI) p AOR (95% CI) p AOR (95% CI) p
Somatic pain        
Girls Ref. 1.37 (0.68-2.75) .3792 0.99 (0.63-1.55) .9490 1.40 (0.72-2.75) .3226
Boys Ref. 1.08 (0.39-2.99) .8891 2.19 (1.39-3.43) .0007 2.82(1.57-5.07) .0005
Conduct problems        
Girls Ref. 3.80 (1.93-7.46) .0001 4.91 (3.12-7.73) <.0001 5.06 (2.43-10.51) <.0001
Boys Ref. 2.25 (1.23-4.10) .0081 3.30 (2.37-4.61) <.0001 4.33 (3.03-6.19) <.0001
Illicit drug use        
Girls Ref. 1.02 (0.22-4.77) .9802 4.36 (2.36-8.07) <.0001 8.92 (4.32- 18.43) <.0001
Boys Ref. 1.48 (0.59-3.75) .4065 2.88 (1.87-4.43) <.0001 2.94 (1.60-5.43) .0005
  1. Note: AOR Adjusted odds ratio. Adjustment made for age, socioeconomic status (low/middle/high), and family structure (living with single parent/step-parent/birth parents/other).