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Table 2 Prevalence of mental health problems according to history of violence and gender in German adolescents aged 11 to 17 (N = 7697 b )

From: Prevalence and gender patterns of mental health problems in German youth with experience of violence: the KiGGS study

  Uninvolved youth (%) Victims (%) Perpetrators (%) Perpetrating victims (%) p-range a
Internalizing      
Emotional problems (clinical range)      
Girls 9.8 18.2 14.4 25.1 <.0001
Boys 6.5 9.2 11.4 15.9 <.0001
Disordered eating behaviors      
Girls 26.5 37.6 38.7 48.1 <.0001
Boys 12.4 19.7 20.1 26.7 <.0001
Somatic pain      
Girls 8.1 10.9 7.8 11.1 .3458-.6551
Boys 2.6 2.9 5.5 7.0 .0004-.0006
Sleeping problems      
Girls 6.2 15.9 8.8 20.7 <.0001
Boys 3.1 9.1 5.7 6.7 <.0001-.0004
Externalizing      
Conduct problems (clinical range)      
Girls 3.1 11.8 15.1 15.8 <.0001
Boys 4.9 9.0 12.5 17.0 <.0001
ADHD      
Girls 1.8 2.2 3.9 5.5 .0249-.0340
Boys 8.6 14.7 14.4 12.9 .0003-.0024
Frequent drinking      
Girls 2.7 2.4 4.5 11.9 .0012-.0015
Boys 9.5 14.5 17.5 18.2 .0001
Illicit drug use      
Girls 2.0 2.0 6.2 15.3 <.0001
Boys 2.8 4.6 7.5 7.5 <.0001
(n) Girls (3104) (143) (368) (133)  
(n) Boys (2687) (198) (775) (291)  
  1. Note: Inferences are based on Wald chi-squared tests for overall significance.
  2. a p-range: the range of p-values across the 5 imputed data sets; all p-values < .0001.
  3. b Weighted frequencies; numbers for boys and girls do not add to total due to rounding error.