Skip to main content

Table 3 The relationship between MNSI and health-related physiological indicators

From: Useful screening tools for preventing foot problems of diabetics in rural areas: a cross-sectional study

Variables   MNSI a   χ2 Odds ratio 95%
  Normal   Abnormal    
   N (%)   (d.f.=1)   Confidence interval
Gender       
  Female 141 (62.1)   86 (37.9) 6.49** 1.70 1.13~2.57
  Male  78 (49.1)   81 (50.9)    
Education       
  <= primary school 162 (52.1)   149 (47.9) 14.07*** 0.34 0.19~0.61
  >= secondary school  57 (76.0)   18 (24.0)    
ABIb       
  Normal 198 (58.9)   138 (41.1) 5.10* 2.01 1.09~3.71
  Abnormal  20 (41.7)   28 (58.3)    
King’s college classificationc       
  Normal 179 (82.1)   39 (17.9) 129.90*** 14.33 8.75~23.47
  Risk and high risk  41 (24.3)   128 (75.7)    
Texas risk classificationd       
  Low risk 182 (96.3)   7 ( 3.7) 234.35*** 109.47 47.56~251.98
  At/ or high risk  38 (19.2)   160 (80.8)    
Right side dorsal pedal pulsese       
  Present/weakness 180 (60.2)   119 (39.8) 6.49* 1.86 1.15~3.01
  Absent  39 (44.8)   48 (55.2)    
Left side dorsal pedals pulses       
  Present/weakness 171 (60.9)   110 (39.1) 7.14** 1.85 1.17~2.90
  Absent  48 (45.7)   57 (54.3)    
Right side poster tibias pulses       
  Present/weakness 179 (59.1)   124 (40.9) 3.14 1.55 0.95~2.53
  Absent  40 (48.2)   43 (51.8)    
Left side poster tibias pulses       
  Present/weakness 174 (59.0)   121 (41.0) 2.58 1.47 0.92~2.36
  Absent  45 (49.5)   46 (50.5)    
Right side popliteal pulses       
  Present/weakness 163 (59.3)   112 (40.7) 2.51 1.43 0.92~2.23
  Absent  56 (50.5)   55 (49.5)    
Left side popliteal pulses       
  Present/ weakness 163 (59.1)   113 (40.9) 2.13 1.39 0.89~2.17
  Absent  56 (50.9)   54 (49.1)    
Right capillary refill time       
  <2 seconds 191 (59.5)   130 (40.5) 3.79 1.76 0.99~3.14
  >2 seconds  25 (45.5)   30 (54.5)    
Left capillary refill time       
  <2 seconds 190 (59.0)   132 (41.0) 2.61 1.61 0.90~2.89
  >2 seconds  25 (47.2)   28 (52.8)    
  1. a MNSI Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument: normal <2 b ABI any side of ankle brachial index <0.9 was defined as abnormal. c King’s college classification: in this table, except the level of not at risk, we re-categorized the other five conditions of at risk, ulcer, cellulites, necrosis and amputation as risk and high risk. d University Texas risk classification system: in this table, we re-categorized the six conditions of at risk, ulcer, cellulites, necrosis and amputation as risk and high risk. e Palpable pulses between both sides of dorsal pedals, poster tibias, and popliteal areas. *p < .05, ** p<.01, ***p < .001.
\