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Table 3 The odds rations of elders’ intergenerational exchange and depressive symptoms by multiple logistic regression

From: The protective effect of taking care of grandchildren on elders’ mental health? Associations between changing patterns of intergenerational exchanges and the reduction of elders’ loneliness and depression between 1993 and 2007 in Taiwan

    Year
  Total## 1993### 1999### 2007###
  Children Partner Grandchildren Children Partner Grandchildren Children Partner Grandchildren Children Partner Grandchildren
Depression symptoms\intergenerational exchanges# ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI)
In a bad mood             
  none
  a little to always 1.06(0.93-1.21) 1.27(1.10-1.47)** 1.19(0.99-1.21) 1.10(0.79-1.53) 1.60(1.14-2.24)* 1.06(0.61-1.84) 1.23(0.98-1.53) 1.26(0.99-1.60) 1.19(0.87-1.64) 0.93(0.76-1.13) 1.16(0.93-1.45) 1.17(0.92-1.50)
Lonely             
  none
  a little to always 1.30(1.12-1.51)** 2.68(2.29-3.14)*** 1.44(1.14-1.81)** 1.60(1.13-2.26)** 2.67(1.87-3.82)*** 1.52(0.79-2.92) 1.30(1.01-1.66)* 2.94(2.26-3.81)*** 1.19(0.81-1.73) 129(1.02-1.63)* 216(1.68-2.78)*** 1.46(1.05-2.03)*
Unfriendly             
  none
  a little to always 0.96(0.78-1.18) 1.59(1.29-1.97)*** 1.39(1.02-1.89)* 0.84(0.52-1.36) 1.65(1.03-2.66)* 2.83(0.97-8.31) 1.15(0.85-1.57) 1.83(1.32-2.54)*** 1.15(0.73-1.84) 0.94(0.66-1.33) 1.03(0.70-1.53) 1.29(0.81-2.06)
Felt sad             
  none
  a little to always 0.99(0.85-1.16) 1.61(1.37-1.90)*** 1.38(1.11-1.73)** 1.07(0.74-1.55) 1.86(1.28-2.70)** 1.57(0.79-3.10) 1.07(0.83-1.38) 1.79(1.37-2.33)*** 1.17(0.81-1.70) 0.96(0.75-1.22) 1.18(0.91-1.55) 1.40(1.02-1.92)*
Have no energy for things             
  none
  a little to always 0.99(0.86-1.14) 1.15(0.98-1.33) 1.16(0.95-1.40) 0.75(0.53-1.06) 1.38(0.98-1.95) 1.42(0.79-2.55) 1.15(0.92-1.45) 1.00(0.78-1.28) 1.11(0.81-1.54) 0.98(0.79-1.22) 1.07(0.84-1.36) 1.03(0.79-1.35)
Total CES-D scores             
  0 ~ 5
  6 ~ 10 1.09(0.90-1.32) 1.65(1.34-2.02)*** 1.30(0.98-1.72) 1.38(0.89-2.13) 1.86(1.19-2.91)** 0.83(0.40-1.73) 1.17(0.86-1.60) 1.79(1.28-2.50)** 1.10(0.69-1.74) 0.99(0.72-1.34) 1.25(0.89-1.75) 1.54(1.02-2.34)*
  11 ~ 15 0.95(0.69-1.31) 2.66(1.90-3.72)*** 1.95(1.12-3.43)* 0.84(0.42-1.69) 3.43(1.65-7.11)** 5.71(0.71-45.58) 1.20(0.74-1.95) 2.94(1.73-4.98)*** 1.24(0.53-2.86) 0.87(0.48-1.57) 1.45(0.79-2.69) 1.78(0.77-4.16)
  1. #children referred to five without children vs. co-resident with children, partner referred to five without partner vs co-resident with partner, grandchildren referred to not take care of grandchildren vs take care of grandchildren.
  2. ##controlling for age, gender, ethnics, educational level, employment status, living place, self-reported health status and years.
  3. ###controlling for age, gender, ethnics, educational level, employment status, living place and self-reported health status.