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Table 2 Frequency of early factors and bivariate and multivariable associations* from a logistic regression model of early factors and any IPV in sexually active women in the Rakai Community Cohort Study, 2000 to 2009, OR (95% CI), p value

From: Risk factors for intimate partner violence in women in the Rakai Community Cohort Study, Uganda, from 2000 to 2009

Early factor n (%) Bivariate association Multivariable model 1: all early factors, OR (95% CI) N = 1370 Multivariable model 2: all early factors, adjusted for age at study baseline, OR (95% CI), N = 1370
OR (95% CI) N
Sexual abuse† No 1225 (68.7) 1 1532 1 1
Yes 559 (31.3) 1.57 (1.26, 1.96) p < 0.001 1.65 (1.29, 2.11) p < 0.001 1.68 (1.31, 2.15) p < 0.001
Education‡ <5 years 4604 (26.9) 1 9782 1 1
5-7 years 7086 (41.3) 0.89 (0.81, 0.98) p = 0.02 0.92 (0.69, 1.22) p = 0.55 0.97 (0.73, 1.30) p = 0.86
Secondary or higher 5456 (31.8) 0.61 (0.55, 0.68) p < 0.001 0.65 (0.48, 0.89) p = 0.008 0.68 (0.50, 0.93) p = 0.02
Age at first sex Continuous 15.8 (2.2)§ 0.92 (0.90, 0.94) p < 0.001 9219 0.96 (0.90, 1.01) p = 0.13 0.92 (0.87, 0.98) p = 0.01
Coerced first sex No 9581 (82.6) 1 8134 1 1
Yes 2026 (17.5) 4.17 (3.67, 4.76) p < 0.001 3.66 (2.54, 5.28) p < 0.001 3.54 (2.45, 5.12) p < 0.001
  1. *From logistic regression models. †Sexual abuse in childhood or adolescence was only asked about in one of seven survey rounds. ‡Data on education are taken from the baseline survey round, i.e. the first survey round of participation during the period under study. §Mean (standard deviation).