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Table 1 Selected characteristics of adult Nepali women in the cohort in 2006–2008 by blood pressure categories

From: A cross-sectional study of the prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in rural Nepali women

  Missing values Hypertension (n = 530) Pre-hypertension (n = 2296) Normal blood pressure (n = 13,108) P-valuea
  n n (%)  
Age (years) 11     <0.0001
  16-30   109 (1.9) 657 (11.7) 4853 (86.4)  
  31-45   366 (3.8) 1503 (15.6) 7742 (80.6)  
  46 and above   55 (7.9) 134 (19.3) 504 (72.7)  
Smoking 11     <0.0001
  No   353 (2.9) 1745 (14.1) 10246 (83.0)  
  Yes   177 (4.9) 550 (15.4) 2852 (79.7)  
Alcohol 12     <0.0001
  No   426 (3.0) 1922 (13.6) 11789 (83.4)  
  Yes   104 (5.8) 372 (20.8) 1309 (73.3)  
MUAC (cm) b 0 23.7 (3.0) 23.7 (2.9) 23.0 (2.8) <0.0001c
Pahadi/Madheshi 38     <0.0001
  Pahadi   200 (3.9) 877 (17.0) 4068 (79.1)  
  Madheshi   330 (3.1) 1410 (13.1) 9011 (83.8)  
Occupation 16     <0.0001
  Does not work   126 (4.3) 468 (16.1) 2310 (79.5)  
  Works outside the home   404 (3.1) 1826 (14.0) 10784 (82.9)  
Literacy 8     0.991
  No   451 (3.4) 1949 (14.4) 11120 (82.2)  
  Yes   79 (3.3) 347 (14.4) 1980 (82.3)  
Land ownership 63     <0.0001
  No   254 (3.8) 1027 (15.3) 5414 (80.9)  
  Yes   275 (3.0) 1253 (13.7) 7648 (83.3)  
Livestock 23     <0.0001
  No   116 (5.1) 368 (16.1) 1799 (78.8)  
  Yes   414(3.0) 1921 (14.1) 11293 (82.9)  
TV 31     0.104
  No   364 (3.3) 1549 (14.0) 9143 (82.7)  
  Yes   166 (3.4) 739 (15.2) 3942 (81.3)  
Electricity 23     0.357
  No   270 (3.4) 1107 (14.0) 6529 (82.6)  
  Yes   260 (3.2) 1181 (14.8) 6564 (82.0)  
Composite indicators of SES 577     
Household quality      
  High   167 (3.2) 778 (15.1) 4218 (81.7) 0.332
  Medium   178 (3.5) 695 (13.7) 4218 (82.9)  
  Low   168 (3.3) 731 (14.3) 4204 (82.4)  
Household Assets      0.326
  High   177 (3.4) 768 (14.8) 4227 (81.7)  
  Middle   177 (3.5) 746 (14.6) 4198 (82.0)  
  Low   159 (3.1) 690 (13.6) 4215 (83.2)  
Household farming and food storage d      
  High   142 (2.8) 713 (13.8) 4305 (83.4) <0.0001
  Medium   166 (3.3) 685 (13.4) 4253 (83.3)  
  Low   205 (4.0) 806 (15.6) 4082 (80.1)  
  1. Abbreviations: SES = Socioeconomic Status; MUAC = Mid Upper Arm Circumference.
  2. aPearson Chi square except where noted.
  3. bMean (SD).
  4. cOne way ANOVA.
  5. dp for chi square linear trend < 0.001 for hypertension and pre-hypertension.