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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the study cohort

From: Hospitalization rates and cost in severe or complicated obesity: an Italian cohort study

  Males Females
  N (1,440) % N (5,076) %
Age at cohort enrolment (years)     
   18-29 154 10.7 558 11.0
   30-39 224 15.6 622 12.3
   40-49 305 21.2 882 17.4
   50-59 396 27.5 1,356 26.7
   60-69 281 19.5 1,171 23.1
   ≥70 80 5.6 487 9.6
Calendar period of enrolment     
   1996-1999 210 14.6 757 14.9
   2000-2003 698 48.5 2,378 46.8
   2004-2006 532 36.9 1,941 38.2
Educational level     
   High 559 38.8 1,421 28.0
   Intermediate 596 41.4 1,783 35.1
   Low 268 18.6 1,725 34.0
   Unknown 17 1.2 147 2.9
   Marital status     
   Married 961 66.8 3,361 66.2
   Other 477 33.2 1,714 33.8
  N mean (SD) N mean (SD)
Height (cm) 1,440 172.2 (7.4) 5,076 157.5 (7.0)
Weight (kg) 1,440 121.3 (21.7) 5,076 102.5 (17.0)
BMI (kg/m2) 1,440 40.9 (6.4) 5,076 41.4 (6.6)
WC (cm) 1,402 127.4 (0.37) 5,005 113.7 (0.18)
Systolic blood pressure (mm/Hg) 1,438 142.1 (19.2) 5,038 138.9 (20.1)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm/Hg) 1,438 85.3 (10.9) 5,044 82.7 (10.5)
Fasting glucose (mg/dl) 1,432 110.1 (43.8) 5,065 100.6 (33.5)
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 1,431 213.3 (44.2) 5,066 214.9 (43.2)
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 1,312 135.8 (36.2) 4,924 137.4 (50.7)
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 1,429 41.4 (12.3) 5,059 50.9 (13.2)
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 1,430 167 (122–235)* 5,062 128 (96–173)*
Current smoker (%) 1,416 32.1 5,002 21.2
Any alcohol consumption (%) 1,424 40.0 5,029 16.7
  1. *median (interquartile range).
  2. N number, SD standard deviation, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein.