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Table 3 Multilevel logistic regressions in CHF patients (dependent variable:adherence to disease management quality indicators)

From: Prevalence of chronic diseases by immigrant status and disparities in chronic disease management in immigrants: a population-based cohort study, Valore Project

   OR 95%LL 95%UL p
Therapy with ACE inhibitors      
Nationality (Italian = reference) HDC 1.37 0.80 2.32 0.25
  HMPC 0.34 0.26 0.45 0.00
Therapy with beta-blockers      
Nationality (Italian = reference) HDC 0.87 0.52 1.45 0.59
  HMPC 0.50 0.37 0.66 0.00
Creatinine, Na and K monitoring      
Nationality (Italian = reference) HDC 1.04 0.64 1.70 0.87
  HMPC 0.57 0.44 0.76 0.00
Annual echocardiogram      
Nationality (Italian = reference) HDC 1.01 0.55 1.86 0.96
  HMPC 0.68 0.48 0.97 0.03
  1. All regressions adjusted for gender, age band (16–44, 45–64, 65–74, 75–84, > 85 years), time since diagnosis (dichotomized as ≤3y and >3y), and the Charlson index on a first level, and health districts on a second level.