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Table 1 Multilevel logistic regressions in diabetics (dependent variable: adherence to disease management quality indicators)

From: Prevalence of chronic diseases by immigrant status and disparities in chronic disease management in immigrants: a population-based cohort study, Valore Project

   OR 95%LL 95%UL p
Annual HbA1c testing      
Nationality (Italian = reference) HDC 0.95 0.75 1.21 0.69
  HMPC 0.64 0.59 0.69 0.00
Annual screening for nephropathy      
Nationality (Italian = reference) HDC 1.02 0.80 1.30 0.90
  HMPC 0.71 0.66 0.77 0.00
Annual LDL cholesterol testing      
Nationality (Italian = reference) HDC 0.95 0.75 1.20 0.67
  HMPC 0.55 0.50 0.60 0.00
  1. All regressions adjusted for gender, age band (16–44, 45–64, 65–74, 75–84, > 85 years), time since diagnosis (dichotomized as ≤3y and >3y), and the Charlson index on a first level, and health districts on a second level.