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Table 5 Logistic regression showing the likelihood of utilizing voluntary counselling and testing services for HIV status, controlling for socio-economic characteristics and measures of stigma, Nigeria

From: HIV/AIDS stigma and utilization of voluntary counselling and testing in Nigeria

Control variables Intention to use VCT services 95% Confidence interval  
Place of residence   Lower level Upper level
Rural RC   
Urban 1.81 0.489 1.350
Ethnic Group    
Igbo RC   
Yoruba 1.04 0.597 1.813
Sex of Respondents
Male RC   
Female 0.60* 0.391 0.9348
Education Level    
None RC   
Primary 2.45* 1.3061 4.6023
Secondary 1.86* 1.0592 3.2717
Tertiary 1.49 0.8627 2.5989
Marital Status    
Currently Married RC   
Single 2.30* 1.289 4.117
No media access 0.53* 0.300 0.927
Beliefs about HIV routes
Misconception 0.475* 0.2744 0.8224
Stigma Measures
Negative feelings 0.608* 0.4779 0 .7739
Coercive policies 0.825* 0.7300 0 .9323
Attribution of blame    
 No 1.144* 1.029 1.272
Avoidant Behaviour**
 No 1.230* 1.277 1.340
Overall Stigma Index 0.924* 0.8759 0.9744
LR Chi2 (21) 74.42; Prob > chi2 = 0.000   
  1. ** Reference categories are in the reverse, *p < 0.05.