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Table 1 Demographic, immigrant experience and current social environment characteristics

From: “We wouldn’t of made friends if we didn’t come to Football United”:the impacts of a football program on young people’s peer, prosocial and cross-cultural relationships

Demographic characteristics FUn Comparison Statistic P
Age mean (SD) 15.0 (2.6) 14.4 (2.1) t2,133 = 1.49 0.14
Gender n (%)    χ2 1 = 20.49 <0.001
  Male 60 (95.2) 50 (63.3)   
  Female 3 (4.8) 29 (36.7)   
Country of birth n (%)     
  Afghanistan 4 (6.6) 29 (37.2)   
  Burma 1 (1.6) 9 (11.5)   
  Iran 5 (8.2) 5 (6.4)   
  Iraq 23 (37.7) 3 (3.8)   
  Sierra Leone 3 (4.9) 17 (21.8)   
  other African 11 (18.0) 7 (9.0)   
  other Asian 8 (13.1) 7 (9.0)   
  other 6 (9.8) 1 (1.3)   
Immigrant experience     
Lived in 2 or more countries before coming to Australia    χ2 1 = 4.64 0.03
  One country 28 (47.5) 23 (29.5)   
  2 or more countries 31 (52.5) 55 (70.5)   
Year of arrival in Australia    χ2 2 = 25.98 <0.001
  this year 17 (27.4) 25 (31.6)   
  last year 21 (33.9) 50 (63.3)   
  more than one year ago 24 (38.7) 4 (5.1)   
Refugee or asylum seeker    χ2 1 = 7.66 0.006
  not refugee or asylum seeker 15 (25.9) 6 (8.1)   
  refugee or asylum seeker 43 (74.1) 68 (91.9)   
Years of schooling before arriving in Australia mean (SD) 6.2 (4.1) 6.0 (3.4) t2,119 = 0.25 0.80
Knowledge of English before coming to Australia    χ2 2 = 2.68 0.26
  No English 24 (38.1) 20 (25.6)   
  A little/some English 31 (49.2) 48 (61.5)   
  Very good English 8 (12.7) 10 (12.8)