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Table 3 Factors associated with tobacco use among youths from selected South-Asian countries, GYTS 2007

From: A cross-country comparison of tobacco consumption among youths from selected South-Asian countries

Factors Bangladesh Nepal Sri Lanka
Tobacco Chi-square Tobacco Chi-square Tobacco Chi-square
Use (%) (P-values) Use (%) (P-values) Use (%) (P-values)
Age in years
13 4.7   6.0   8.8  
14 6.7 22.28 8.3 14.49 8.7 3.66
15 11.6 (< 0.001) 13.2 (0.001) 12.4 (0.160)
Gender
Female 5.1 13.59 5.3 25.6 5.8 16.87
Male 9.1 (< 0.001) 13.2 (< 0.001) 12.4 (< 0.001)
Educational grade
Seventh 4.5   9.3   -  
Eighth 6.1   8.2   8.8  
Ninth 10.1 14.75 11.8 3.10 9.7 0.312
Tenth 7.7 (0.001) 9.8 (0.38) 8.8 (0.86)
Parental tobacco use
No 4.6 15.93 7.3 8.2 8.2 4.27
Yes 8.9 (< 0.001) 11.7 (0.001) 11.9 (0.001)
Friends’ tobacco use
No 4.5 70.34 4.1 124.32 6.6 58.76
Yes 15.2 (< 0.001) 23.5 (< 0.001) 24.2 (< 0.001)
Smoking at home in last 7 days in presence of youths
No 4.4   5.6   6.3  
1-4 days 12.1 41.18 19.3 51.27 13.2 41.71
5-7 days 11.3 (< 0.001) 13.7 (< 0.001) 25.3 (< 0.001)
Smoking at other places in last 7 days in presence of youths
No 3.9   3.6   6.4  
1-4 days 9.0 55.69 14.7 67.9 9.4 11.13
5-7 days 14.1 (< 0.001) 19.7 (< 0.001) 13.5 (.001)
Offering free tobacco products by sales men
No 5.6 53.45 9.1 3.50 8.4 31.0
Yes 18.5 (< 0.001) 14.5 (< 0.001) 35.1 (< 0.001)
Advertisement seen in hoarding, bus-stop, rail stations
None 4.9   7.9   8.3  
A few 5.1 18.3 10.0 .84 7.7 13.19
A lot 9.7 (< 0.001) 9.3 (0.656) 15.8 (0.001)
Taught in class about danger of smoking
No 8.2 5.14 10.7 1.13 12.0 3.40
Yes 5.8 (0.023) 8.9 (0.28) 8.5 (0.05)
Discussed smoking & health as part of a lesson
Never 5.6   11.4   10.7  
During the survey year 7.5 21.73 8.9 3.45 11.4 1.90
Preceding years of survey 14.5 (< 0.001) 8.2 (0.178) 8.8 (0.387)