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Table 3 Percent of First Nations/Native cigarette butts by type of institution and geographic region

From: Contraband tobacco on post-secondary campuses in Ontario, Canada: analysis of discarded cigarette butts

Groups Amount of First Nations/Native tobacco
  Overall % 95% CI
Type of Institutiona   
  College (n = 13) 16.75 9.65, 23.84
  University (n = 12) 11.85 5.13, 18.57
Geographic Regionb   
  North (n = 5) 29.96 14.29, 45.63
  Central West (n = 2) 19.43 −29.03, 67.90
  Central East (n = 2) 14.53 −54.19, 83.24
  Central South (n = 4) 10.27 −0.32, 20.87
  East (n = 4) 9.82 −2.98, 22.62
  South West (n = 4) 9.53 −2.96, 22.02
  Toronto (n = 4) 5.92 4.24, 7.60
  1. a t(23) = 1.19, p = .286, two tailed. b Kruskal-Wallis χ 2(6, N = 25) = 11.84, p = .066. Significantly (p < .05) higher amounts of First Nations/Native tobacco were observed for North compared to Central South, Southwest, East, and Toronto regions.