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Table 3 Prevalence of use of hookah and cigarettes by race/ethnicity

From: Evidence of emerging hookah use among university students: a cross-sectional comparison between hookah and cigarette use

   White N (%) Hispanic N (%) Black N (%) Asian N (%) Other N (%) χ 2(4) p
Hookah use        
  Ever use 305 (53.5) 123 (55.7) 32 (18.4) 57 (35.3) 29 (27.7) 31.86 <0.001
  Past year use 196 (32.6) 95 (41.9) 18 (10.4) 31 (19.3) 21 (10.8) 56.32 <0.001
  Current use 61 (10.4) 44 (18.9) 5 (3.4) 12 (7.5) 9 (3.6) 32.56 <0.001
Cigarette use        
  Ever use 265 (47.2) 109 (50.0) 30 (18.8) 58 (35.4) 23 (28.1) 19.13 <0.001
  Past year use 132 (22.9) 62 (27.8) 9 (6.3) 30 (16.9) 13 (4.9) 54.18 <0.001
  Current use 69 (12.0) 38 (16.4) 6 (3.5) 16 (8.7) 12 (4.6) 23.94 <0.001
  1. Note. Percentages represent weighted percentages.